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The purpose of this study was to determine the natural order of acquisition of the proform it, comparing deictic pronoun it, anaphoric pronoun it and expletive it. Files from four children (Adam, Eve, Nina and Peter) aged 1;6-3;0 in the CHILDES database were coded for occurrences of NP it (here it is) and expletive it (it's raining). Occurrences of NP it(More)
The driving forces behind variation in the dative construction have stood as a puzzle both from the point of view of child language acquisition and in the theoretical syntactic literature addressing adult production. One line of thought attributes these choices to lexical meaning differences among dative verbs ((Gropen et al., 1989) for children; (Green,(More)
Results of a study are presented that suggest the grammatical structures of English some deaf and hard of hearing students struggle to acquire. A review of the literature from the past 40 years is presented, exploring particular lexical and morphosyntactic areas in which deaf and hard of hearing children have traditionally exhibited difficulty. Twenty-six(More)
This is the first part of a two-part article that reviews a number of the current debates regarding raising and control constructions. The issues addressed in this part include the syntactic attributes governing their distribution; the characterization of the relevant silent elements; the empirical properties which may distinguish/unify the two classes of(More)
ii 2005 Susannah Kirby ALL RIGHTS RESERVED iii ABSTRACT SUSANNAH KIRBY: Semantics or Subcases? The Acquisition of Referential vs. Expletive It (Under the direction of Misha Becker) This study was conducted to determine the natural order of acquisition among deictic pronoun it, anaphoric pronoun it, and expletive it. Files from 4 children (Adam, Eve, Nina,(More)
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