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CONTEXT Previous reports of acute toxicity/harm associated with mephedrone use have been based on self-reported mephedrone use; toxicological screening has not been undertaken in these cases to determine whether mephedrone has been used. OBJECTIVE To report the first case series of analytically confirmed mephedrone-related acute toxicity. MATERIALS AND(More)
Cathinone is a pharmacologically active alkaloid that can be extracted from the leaves of the khat plant (Catha edulis). There are synthetic derivatives of cathinone entering the recreational drug market, including mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone, 4-MMC). There are discrepancies in the legal status of both the khat plant and its extracted alkaloids(More)
AIMS To assess the patterns of use, subjective effect profile and dependence liability of mephedrone, supported by corroborative urine toxicology. DESIGN Cross-sectional structured telephone interview. SETTING UK-based drug users associated with the dance music scene. PARTICIPANTS A total of 100 mephedrone users, recruited through their involvement(More)
Long-term regular use of ketamine has been reported to be associated with severe symptomatic urinary tract problems. Methoxetamine, an arylcyclohexylamine derivative of ketamine, is marketed as a “bladder safe” derivative of ketamine, and no cases of acute toxicity following analytically confirmed methoxetamine use have been reported to date. We report here(More)
CONTEXT There have been recent concerns about increasing use and accessibility of methoxetamine, a ketamine derivative. Few data are available to describe the clinical features associated with methoxetamine exposure. We report three cases that presented to hospital with acute neurological toxicity associated with analytically confirmed methoxetamine(More)
Caffeine has desired stimulant effects similar to but weaker than both classical recreational drugs and novel psychoactive substances. This study was undertaken to determine the caffeine content of a sample of novel psychoactive substances, and we discuss the implications for the management of acute recreational drug toxicity. Six novel psychoactive(More)
A 31-year-old man purchased the legal high Energy-1 (NRG-1) over the internet; this was advertised as containing the compound naphthylpyrovalerone (NPV), which at the time was currently legally available in the UK. He ingested 1 g of this substance and developed a prolonged high associated with palpitations, sweating and insomnia. Analysis of both the(More)
Modification of the potent imidazole-based B-Raf inhibitor SB-590885 resulted in the identification of a series of furan-based derivatives with enhanced CNS penetration. One such compound, SB-699393 (17), was examined in vivo to challenge the hypothesis that selective B-Raf inhibitors may be of value in the treatment of stroke.
BACKGROUND Toxicity, such as hyperpyrexia, associated with the use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 'ecstasy') appears to be related to serum MDMA concentrations. However, there does not appear to be a similar association with the number of tablets ingested, suggesting variation in the tablet content of MDMA. Although work has shown this(More)