Susannah Claire Walker

Learn More
We have previously demonstrated that prefrontal serotonin depletion impairs orbitofrontal cortex (OFC)-mediated serial discrimination reversal (SDR) learning but not lateral prefrontal cortex (PFC)-mediated attentional set shifting. To address the neurochemical specificity of this reversal deficit, Experiment 1 compared the effects of selective serotonin(More)
Recently, we have shown that serotonin (5-HT) depletion from the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of the marmoset monkey impairs performance on a serial discrimination reversal (SDR) task, resulting in perseverative responding to the previously correct stimulus (Clarke et al., 2004). This pattern of impairment is just one example of inflexible responding seen after(More)
The discrimination reversal paradigm is commonly used to measure a subject's ability to adapt their behavior according to changes in stimulus-reward contingencies. Human functional neuroimaging studies have demonstrated activations in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) in subjects performing this task. Excitotoxic(More)
The effects of bilateral excitotoxic lesions of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) on sucrose intake were examined in three experiments. First, in tests of conditioned place preference using 20% sucrose as the reinforcer, it was shown that lesioned rats, regardless of whether they were food deprived or non-deprived, formed normal place(More)
We have recently shown that serotonin in the primate orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) contributes to the flexible control of behaviour. 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-induced 5-HT depletions of OFC impair performance on a serial reversal discrimination task [Clarke et al. (2004)Science, 304, 878-880]. The deficit is characterized by perseverative responding to the(More)
The social brain hypothesis proposes that the demands of the social environment provided the evolutionary pressure that led to the expansion of the primate brain. Consistent with this notion, that functioning in the social world is crucial to our survival, while close supportive relationships are known to enhance well-being, a range of social stressors such(More)
Healthcare staff in the National Health Service are expected to comply with and keep up to date with numerous policies covering every aspect of their daily work. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has guidelines on a huge number of clinical issues ranging from how to treat breast cancer to how to insert a central venous(More)
The rewarding sensation of touch in affiliative interactions is hypothesized to be underpinned by a specialized system of nerve fibers called C-Tactile afferents (CTs), which respond optimally to slowly moving, gentle touch, typical of a caress. However, empirical evidence to support the theory that CTs encode socially relevant, rewarding tactile(More)
Prefrontal cortex (PFC) is critical for self-ordered response sequencing. Patients with frontal lobe damage are impaired on response sequencing tasks, and increased blood flow has been reported in ventrolateral and dorsolateral PFC in subjects performing such tasks. Previously, we have shown that large excitotoxic lesions of the lateral PFC (LPFC) and(More)
C-tactile afferents (CTs) are slowly conducting nerve fibres, present only in hairy skin. They are optimally activated by slow, gentle stroking touch, such as those experienced during a caress. CT stimulation activates affective processing brain regions, alluding to their role in affective touch perception. We tested a theory that CT-activating touch(More)