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Signaling molecules with either attractive or repulsive effects on specific growth cones are likely to play a role in guiding axons to their appropriate targets. A chick brain glycoprotein, collapsin, has been shown to be a good candidate for a repulsive guidance cue. We report here the discovery of four new molecules related to collapsin in chick brains.(More)
The ability of Caenorhabditis elegans to recover from exposure to high doses of aldicarb and fenamiphos was examined at the organismal and biochemical levels by determination of movement and acetylcholinesterase activity. Nematodes recovered rapidly from a 24-hour exposure to both compounds at concentrations that caused complete paralysis.(More)
Multiple molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase have been isolated and characterized from the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita. The forms of enzyme present in these 2 species are similar but not identical to those that occur in the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The 5 enzyme forms exhibit differential(More)
The composition and biochemical properties of acetylcholinesterases isolated from Heterodera glycines were determined. Heterodera glycines contains three separable AChE molecular forms that can be grouped into two classes corresponding to classes A and C found in some other nematode species. The apparent lack of class B AChE is unusual and may have(More)
Nematode movement is reliant upon the somatic musculature that runs longitudinally along the body wall. Neuromuscular synapses occur in the ventral and dorsal cords and employ the excitatory neurotransmitter, acetylcholine (ACh), for modulation of muscle activity. Acetylcholine activity is terminated by hydrolysis by acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Here,(More)
Six polymorphic bands of DNA were amplified from purified Radopholus citrophilus genomic DNA from one strain of each of the sibling species R. citrophilus and R. similis in random amplified polymorphic DNA analyses involving 380 single 10-base primers. Four of these polymorphic DNA fragments were successfully cloned and amplified through subsequent use of(More)
The sensitivity of acetylcholinesterases (ACHE) isolated from the plant-parasitic nematodes Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita, and Heterodera glycines and the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to carbamate and organophosphate nematicides was examined. The AChE from plant-parasitic nematode species were more sensitive to carbamate inhibitors than(More)
A b s t r a c t We are interested in how the growth cones of identified neurons navigate in the central nervous system of the grasshopper embryo. The behavior of identified growth cones was observed as a function of developmental time by (i) periodically removing embryos from synchronized clutches of eggs and (ii) filling identified neurons in the central(More)
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