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The study was performed to compare whole-body short time inversion recovery (STIR) MR imaging and (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate planar scintigraphy in the examination of children with suspected multifocal skeletal malignant lesions. Sixteen patients with known or suspected malignant skeletal disease underwent both whole-body STIR MR imaging and bone(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of skeletal development in children is important. The most common method of evaluation uses the standards of Greulich and Pyle (G and P) to assess the left hand radiograph. Numerous assessments may be made during follow-up. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to compare the accuracy of a new sonographic method with the standard(More)
BACKGROUND A widespread and fundamental assumption in the health sciences is that muscle functions are related to a wide variety of conditions, for example pain, ischemic and neurological disorder, exercise and injury. It is therefore highly desirable to study musculoskeletal contributions in clinical applications such as the treatment of muscle injuries,(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate reference data and to examine whether there were weight-, height-, age-, and sex-related differences of the quantitative ultrasound bone parameters for healthy children and adolescents. A total of 3299 healthy Caucasian children and teenagers (1623 girls and 1676 boys), age range from 6-18 years (mean age(More)
Voiding urosonography (VUS) with ultrasonography contrast medium is a new modality in the detection of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of VUS compared with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in the detection of VUR. One hundred and eighteen patients, aged 3 weeks to 16 years, with 234(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to evaluate contrast-enhanced sonography as an alternative to radiographic voiding cystourethrography in the detection of vesicoureteral reflux. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 46 children, ranging in age from 3 weeks to 14 years (median: 4 years, 6 months) with 92 ureterorenal units were investigated for reflux using(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine thresholds for the fetal renal pelvic anterior-posterior diameter (APD) predicting postnatal clinically relevant pelvicaliceal dilatation. METHODS One hundred and forty-eight infants whose prenatal sonography had identified an isolated uni- or bilateral fetal APD of > or = 4 mm before 33 and/or > or = 7 mm after 33 weeks'(More)
UNLABELLED Poland syndrome (PS) (OMIM 173800) is a rare congenital anomaly classically consisting of the combination of unilateral aplasia of the sternocostal head of the major pectoral muscle and an ipsilateral hypoplastic hand with simple syndactyly and short fingers. The aetiology is most probably a vascular disruption sequence of the subclavian(More)
Neurofibromatosis (NF) is the most common of the phakomatoses, with a prevalence of 1 in 3-4,000. Many organ systems can be affected. In addition to multiple peripheral neurofibromas, NF I predisposed to CNS tumors including optic glioma, astrocytoma and plexiform neurofibroma. The purpose of this pictorial review is to illustrate characteristic brain MR(More)
Abdominal problems often complicate the clinical course after bone marrow transplantation. Graft-versus-host disease occurs as a complication of allogenic bone marrow transplantation. In this report, the findings of intestinal involvement are described and correlated with histopathological findings. Increased bowel-wall thickness and increased vascularity(More)