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This study examines the efficacy of providing Enhanced Abbreviated or Standard Inpatient treatment and Outpatient treatment to drug-abusing clients. The experiment randomly assigned 412 clients to two therapeutic community programs, which differed primarily in planned duration. This study addressed limitations of prior research, as it used random assignment(More)
This study compared factors that predict treatment outcomes in men and women randomly assigned to two therapeutic communities differing primarily in length of inpatient and outpatient treatment. Based on the prior research literature comparing treatment outcomes of men and women, we formulated the following research question: Do factors that predict drug(More)
There is a belief that persons diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder (APD) do not respond well to treatment, but the existing research has not supported this hypothesis. This study examined the relationship of APD to therapeutic community (TC) treatment outcomes. A total of 275 men and women were randomly assigned to two TCs. It was hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND In this paper, we show how counselors and psychologists can use emails for online management of substance abusers, including the anatomy and content of emails that clinicians should send substance abusers. Some investigators have attempted to determine if providing mental health services online is an efficacious delivery of treatment. The(More)
The purpose of the current study was to examine differences in responses of older adults (age 55 and above) and younger adults (ages 18 to 54) to the Drug Abuse Problem Assessment for Primary Care (DAPA-PC), a computerized drug and alcohol abuse screening instrument developed for primary care settings. Data were collected from a diverse population of 327(More)
This study compared treatment outcomes of substance abusers with and without antisocial personality disorder (APD) randomly assigned to two therapeutic communities, differing primarily in length of inpatient and outpatient treatment. We hypothesized that APD clients would be less likely to complete treatment, more likely to test positive for drugs and(More)
The Drug and Alcohol Problem Assessment for Primary Care (DAPA-PC), developed under a contract from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, is a comprehensive screening system developed for quickly identifying and addressing substance abuse and related problems in a primary care setting. The DAPA-PC system includes a two-level screening instrument, resources(More)
Differences in responses by ethnic group to The Drug Abuse Problem Assessment for Primary Care (DAPA-PC) were examined. The DAPA-PC is a self-administered (via computer), internet-based screening instrument with automatic scoring, patient profile for medical reference, and unique motivational messages. Results indicate differences between blacks and whites(More)
Studies conducted in the 1970s and early 1980s concluded that people will provide valid information about their illicit drug use when research interviews are conducted under appropriate conditions. Recent studies of treated and untreated populations using improved urinalysis techniques as well as hair analysis techniques indicate that the validity of(More)
In this study we proposed and tested the theory that behavior is affected by the orientation of the members of one's social network. We collected data from 98 women (some drug users) with the Orientation of Social Support (OSS) scale and two other widely used measures: the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived(More)