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The effects of mechanoreceptor stimulation and subsequent ATP release in spinal cord injured and normal bladders was examined to demonstrate if spinal cord injury (SCI) modulates the basal or evoked release of ATP from bladder urothelium and whether intravesical botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) administration inhibits urothelial ATP release, a measure of sensory(More)
We have investigated the intracellular signaling mechanisms underlying the release of nitric oxide (NO) evoked by beta-adrenoceptor (AR) agonists in urinary bladder strips and cultured bladder urothelial cells from adult rats. Reverse transcription-PCR revealed that inducible NO synthase and endothelial NOS but not neuronal NOS genes were expressed in(More)
The effects of mechanoreceptor stimulation and subsequent ATP release in cyclophosphamide evoked chronic bladder inflammation was examined to demonstrate: (1) whether inflammation modulates ATP release from bladder urothelium and (2) whether intravesical botulinum toxin A administration inhibits urothelial ATP release, a measure of sensory nerve activation.(More)
Tachykinins have been implicated in inflammatory responses such as those occurring in inflammatory bowel disease. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of a selective neurokinin (NK) 2 receptor antagonist, nepadutant, on proto-oncogene expression in the L(6)-S(1) spinal cord as well as in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons after either non-noxious(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav1), a structural protein of caveolae, plays cell- and context-dependent roles in signal transduction pathway regulation. We have generated a knockout mouse homozygous for a null mutation of the Cav1 gene. Cav1 knockout mice exhibited impaired urinary bladder contractions in vivo during cystometry. Contractions of male bladder strips were(More)
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