Susanna Field

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Gastric ulcerations were produced in rats by oral administration of aspirin (ASA) suspended in a vehicle consisting of either water or increasing concentrations of HCl (0.005 M to 0.35 M). The lesions were prevented by antisecretory doses of a histamine H2 blocker (cimetidine) and by an anticholinergic agent (pro-banthine), but only when the acidity of the(More)
The deployment of a vascular stent during angioplasty has greatly reduced the risks of restenosis. However, the presence of the device still induces a host response as well as a mechanical action on the blood vessel wall and an alteration of the haemodynamics. Platelet and inflammatory cells can adhere on the stent surface and be activated to produce(More)
Several prostaglandins (PG) were found earlier to be cytoprotective for the stomach and the intestine. We now report that mild irritants, given intragastrically, are also cytoprotective by stimulating the release of PG by the stomach. Several "mild irritants," 10-20% ethanol, 0.2-0.35 M HCl, 0.05-0.075 M NaOH, 2-4% NaCl, and water at 70 degrees C, were(More)
Acute inflammation of the colon (cecitis) was produced in hamsters by daily subcutaneous administration of an antibiotic for 3 days. The following prostaglandins completely prevented the cecitis: 16,16-dimethyl-PGE2, 15(R)-15-methyl-PGE2, and 2-acetyl-2-decarboxy-15(S)-15-methyl-PGF2 alpha. PGF2 beta was less active. The synthesis of(More)
Mefenamic acid, given orally to rats at a single dose of 1200 mg/kg, produced renal papillary necrosis (RPN) in 63% of animals. The incidence was reduced to 27% by 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 (dmPGE2), given at an oral dose of 0.75 mg/kg t.i.d. RPN is likely to be caused by the renal prostaglandin depletion elicited by mefenamic acid, an inhibitor of prostaglandin(More)
This paper examines the value of data published by the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI) on the collision frequency of different automobile models as a potential guide to vehicle safety. It is argued that these data fail to control for factors other than design, including vehicle usage and driving quality. An alternative measure of collision risk,(More)