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The immaturity of the immune system increases the susceptibility of young infants to infectious diseases and prevents the induction of protective immune responses by vaccines. We previously reported that Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination induces a potent Th1 response to mycobacterial Ags in newborns. In this study, we evaluated(More)
To determine age-dependent pertussis immune response in the Flemish population, antibody levels to pertactin (PRN), pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) were measured in serum samples from 1622 healthy 1-100-year-old subjects. For anti-PRN and anti-PT antibodies, peaks in GMTs were seen in infancy and again in the 10-15-year age group.(More)
Fetal rat liver cells were transformed with a temperature-sensitive A mutant (tsA255) of simian virus 40. A CLONAL CELL LINE, RLA255-4, which was temperature sensitive in the maintenance of the transformed phenotype, was isolated. This cell line expressed the transformed phenotype (rapid growth, high cell density, overgrowth of normal cells, and cloning in(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF), large amounts of free leucocyte proteases are present in bronchial secretions, contributing to progressive lung damage. Recombinant, human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNase) is a new therapeutic agent that decreases sputum viscosity. However, deoxyribonuclease has been shown, in vitro, to release cationic enzymes from complexes with(More)
Lung inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with an increased release from activated neutrophils of oxidants and proteinases. Free radical generation is not efficiently neutralized, and the major anti-proteinase, alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) is thought to be oxidatively inactivated. We hypothesized that enhanced antioxidant(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) are the predominant inflammatory cells recruited in acute lung injury. This study compares the concentration of interleukin-8 (IL-8) to those of GRO alpha, both of which are CXC chemokines, in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in three acute pathologic states: bacterial pneumonia (BPN); adult respiratory distress(More)
Chronic airway inflammation is an important feature of cystic fibrosis (CF), markedly influencing morbidity and mortality. We wanted to assess the contribution of the respiratory epithelium in the mediation of local inflammatory events, and, more particularly, its regulating role through cytokine secretion. We have studied the regulation of interleukin-6(More)
New-borns raise limited antibody responses to most T cell-dependent antigens but little is known about neonatal T lymphocyte responses to vaccines. In this study, we compared the immune response induced by the hepatitis B vaccine in new-borns and nai;ve adults. Infants produced markedly higher serum anti-hepatitis B surface (HBs) antibody titres than(More)
Vitamin C status and possible associations with the disease process in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients were investigated. Plasma vitamin C concentrations in patients from two different mid-European populations (Swiss, n = 62; Austrian, n = 60) taking no or low-dose vitamin C from multivitamin supplements did not differ from each other or from control subjects(More)