Susanna Capone

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Rifampicin (RIF) decreases serum concentrations of several antiretroviral drugs. We carried out a prospective, comparative study to define efavirenz (EFV) pharmacokinetics in 16 cases and 13 controls. Cases were HIV and tuberculosis (TB) co-infected adults assuming RIF 600 mg once daily and EFV 800 mg once daily. Patients on EFV at standard 600 mg dose(More)
We have conducted a longitudinal study on factors associated with candidal vaginal colonization, a precursor of vaginitis, in a cohort of HIV-infected women in Italy. All consecutive women attending a single, tertiary care clinical site were offered free screening for sexually transmitted infections and genital disorders every 6-12 months. Candidal vaginal(More)
International journeys are increasing and more than 70 million people from industrialized countries cross the borders of tropical countries every year. More than 50% of them will suffer from some form of infectious illness, ranging from mild travelers' diarrhea to severe dengue fever to fatal malaria, with a wide spectrum of microbiological entities.(More)
Treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases is challenging because it relies on second-line drugs that are less potent and more toxic than those used in the clinical management of drug-susceptible TB. Moreover, treatment outcomes for MDR-TB are generally poor compared to drug sensitive disease, highlighting the need for of new drugs. For(More)
Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) affects one third to one fourth of the human population and is the reservoir for a significant proportion of emerging active tuberculosis (TB) cases, especially in low incidence countries. The World Health Organization launched in 2015 the END-TB strategy that aims at TB elimination and promotes, for the first time ever,(More)
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