Susann Uhlmann

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PURPOSE Detachment of the neural retina from the pigment epithelium causes, in addition to photoreceptor deconstruction and neuronal cell remodeling, an activation of glial cells. It has been suggested that gliosis contributes to the impaired recovery of vision after reattachment surgery that may involve both formerly detached and nondetached retinal areas.(More)
PURPOSE To determine early alterations in retinal gene expression in a porcine model of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS Local detachment was created in eyes of adult pigs by subretinal application of sodium hyaluronate. The gene expression in control tissues and retinas detached for 24 hours was analyzed with a pig genome microarray. Genes with(More)
To evaluate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) on the porcine retina, with respect to structural alterations, expression of proteins involved in apoptosis (bax, caspase-3, caspase-9) and gliosis (vimentin, GFAP), expression of factors which influence the development of vascular edema (VEGF, PEDF), and of membrane channels implicated in(More)
Abstract Background. Nitric oxide (NO) is known as an important mediator of endothelial function. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of mediators of retinal pathology – vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) – on NO release from choroidal endothelial cells (CEC) and retinal pigment(More)
To determine the conditions under which anesthetized pigs can be used in acute noninvasive investigations of ocular hydro- and hemodynamics, the intraocular pressure (IOP) of adult pigs was recorded under the following conditions: (1) after intravenous injection of propofol plus ketamine; (2) during inhalation of isoflurane, and (3) 2 h after topical(More)
PURPOSE Vitrectomy is a frequently performed surgical intervention in ophthalmology to remove vitreous traction and opacities or to treat complicated retinal detachments and diabetic changes. However, there is lack of information about cellular responses in retinal tissue after a surgical intervention such as vitrectomy. Microglia cells, the immune(More)
The ability of various neurotransmitters/neuroactive substances to induce fast, transient rises of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents (I(BK)) caused by release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores was investigated in Müller glial cells of the human retina. Müller cells were enzymatically isolated from retinas of healthy donors or of patients with proliferative(More)
To investigate whether stimulation of purinergic P2Y1 receptors modulates the activation of microglial and Müller glial cells in the rabbit retina in vivo, adenosine 5-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADPβS; 2 mM in 100 μl saline), a non-hydrolyzable ADP analogue, was intravitreadly applied into control eyes or onto retinas that were experimentally detached from the(More)
To investigate injury-induced alterations of purinergic P2Y receptor-mediated calcium responses in glial (Müller) cells of the rabbit retina, neural retinae were experimentally detached from the pigment epithelium. The ATP-evoked calcium responses were recorded in the endfeet of glial cells at the vitread surface of retinal wholemounts. In control retinae,(More)