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AIMS Clinical observations in patients with long QT syndrome carrying sodium channel mutations (LQT3) suggest that bradycardia caused by parasympathetic stimulation may provoke torsades de pointes (TdP). Beta-adrenoceptor blockers appear less effective in LQT3 than in other forms of the disease. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied effects of autonomic(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels composed of a pore-forming α subunit and auxiliary β subunits are responsible for the upstroke of the action potential in cardiac muscle. However, their localization and expression patterns in human myocardium have not yet been clearly defined. We used immunohistochemical methods to define the level of expression and the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of the study was to characterize the whole cell current of the two-pore domain potassium channel TASK-1 (K2P3) in mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes (I(TASK-1)) and to analyze the cardiac phenotype of the TASK-1(-/-) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS We have quantified the ventricular I(TASK-1) current using the blocker A293 and TASK-1(-/-)(More)
The role of the neuronal NO synthase (nNOS or NOS1) enzyme in the control of cardiac function still remains unclear. Results from nNOS(-/-) mice or from pharmacological inhibition of nNOS are contradictory and do not pay tribute to the fact that probably spatial confinement of the nNOS enzyme is of major importance. We hypothesize that the close proximity(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels are composed of pore-forming alpha- and auxiliary beta-subunits and are responsible for the rapid depolarization of cardiac action potentials. Recent evidence indicates that neuronal tetrodotoxin (TTX) sensitive sodium channel alpha-subunits are expressed in the heart in addition to the predominant cardiac TTX-resistant(More)
AIMS Heart failure patients are often equipped with implanted devices and are frequently hospitalized due to volume overload. Reliable prediction of imminent fluid congestion has the potential to provide early detection of cardiac decompensation and therefore might be capable of enhancing therapy management. We investigated whether implant-based impedance(More)
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