Susann A Patschan

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Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) protect kidneys from acute ischemic damage. The aim of this study was to identify "treatment parameters" that optimize an EPC-based therapy of acute ischemic renal failure. Male C57BL/6N mice underwent unilateral nephrectomy with simultaneous contralateral renal artery clamping for 30, 35, and 40 min. Tagged murine EPCs(More)
B-cell-dependent autoantibody production is a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which requires costimulatory molecules. The aim of the study was to analyse the expression of costimulatory molecules on B cells in patients with SLE. Twenty-six patients with SLE (four male, 22 female, mean age 46 +/- 15 years) as defined by the American College of(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by a deviation of the immune system that involves T cell-dependent autoantibody production. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of co-stimulatory markers on T cells in this disease. Twenty-eight patients with SLE as defined by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and 11 healthy(More)
Recruitment of various stem and progenitor cells is crucial for the regeneration of an injured organ. Levels of uric acid, one of the prototypical "alarm signals," surge after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Exogenous uric acid rapidly mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells and hematopoietic stem cells and protects the kidney from ischemia. The relatively fast(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) protect the kidney from acute ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to analyze whether pretreatment of murine "early outgrowth" EPCs (eEPCs) with the hormone melatonin increases the cells' renoprotective effects in the setting of murine acute ischemic renal failure. Male (8-12 wk old) C57Bl/6N mice were subjected to(More)
Acute ischemic kidney injury is the most frequent cause of acute renal failure in daily clinical practice. It has become increasingly recognized that microvascular endothelial cell dysfunction (ED) in peritubular capillaries inhibits the process of postischemic renal reperfusion. ED can serve as therapeutic target in the management of acute ischemic kidney(More)
Chronic kidney diseases are accompanied by the accumulation of substances like asymmetric dimethylarginine, phenylacetic acid, homocysteine, and advanced glycation end products, known to either inhibit endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) or uncouple it, consequently limiting the amount of available nitric oxide (NO). Reduced bioavailability of NO(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) severely worsens prognosis of hospitalized patients. The most frequent cause of intrarenal ARF is transient or prolonged renal hypoperfusion (ischemia). Ischemia primarily affects the function and structure of tubular epithelial cells, which, in severe cases, is characterized by epithelial cell necrosis. Nevertheless, ischemia does(More)
Our group (Patschan S, Chen J, Gealekman O, Krupincza K, Wang M, Shu L, Shayman JA, Goligorsky MS; Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 294: F100-F109, 2008) previously observed an accumulation of gangliosides coincident with development of cell senescence and demonstrated lysosomal permeabilization in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to glycated(More)
In a series of studies into the fate of endothelial cells exposed to non-enzymatically glycated collagen I, a model of cytotoxic molecules relevant to diabetic vasculopathy, we demonstrate that cells either undergo apoptosis or become prematurely senescent despite relatively spared telomeres and telomerase activity. Our most recent work shows that(More)