Susana Romão

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The glyoxalase pathway catalyzes the formation of d-lactate from methylglyoxal, a toxic byproduct of glycolysis. In trypanosomatids, trypanothione replaces glutathione in this pathway, making it a potential drug target, since its selective inhibition might increase methylglyoxal concentration in the parasites. Two glyoxalase II structures were solved. One(More)
Two-cysteine peroxiredoxins are ubiquitous peroxidases that play various functions in cells. In Leishmania and related trypanosomatids, which lack catalase and selenium-glutathione peroxidases, the discovery of this family of enzymes provided the molecular basis for peroxide removal in these organisms. In this report the functional relevance of one of such(More)
Tryparedoxins (TXNs) are oxidoreductases unique to trypanosomatids (including Leishmania and Trypanosoma parasites) that transfer reducing equivalents from trypanothione, the major thiol in these organisms, to sulfur-dependent peroxidases and other dithiol proteins. The existence of a TXN within the mitochondrion of trypanosomatids, capable of driving(More)
Leishmania infantum cytosolic tryparedoxin (LiTXN1) can be regarded as a potential candidate for drug targeting. This redox active molecule, which belongs to the thioredoxin superfamily, is one constituent of the hydroperoxide elimination cascade in L. infantum and may also be involved in other cellular processes such as DNA synthesis or host-parasite(More)
Within the mitochondrion of Leishmania infantum, hydroperoxide metabolism relies on the activity of tryparedoxin-dependent peroxidases (TXNPxs). Tryparedoxins (TXNs) are thioredoxin-related oxidoreductases, which in vitro are reduced by the trypanothione reductase/trypanothione [TR/T(SH)(2)] redox couple. Still, there is no evidence that this actually(More)
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