Susana Pedrinaci

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Downregulation of MHC class Ia molecule expression is a widespread mechanism used by tumor cells to escape antitumor T-cell-mediated immune responses. However, it is not known why NK cells cannot lyse these MHC class-Ia-deficient tumor targets. Tumors must select additional routes of escape from NK cells. An attractive hypothesis is that the aberrant(More)
We studied the effect of protein-bound polysaccharide PSK on the activation of the human natural killer cell line NKL. We observed an increased natural killer cytotoxic activity against different tumor cells (K562, Daudi, and U937) when a standard 2- to 3-h 51chromium release assay was performed. The results parallel those obtained after treatment of the(More)
Altered HLA class I cell surface expression is one of the major mechanisms by which tumor cells escape from T lymphocytes. Immunohistochemistry-defined phenotypes of lost HLA class I expression have been described in human solid tumors, nut less information is available on melanoma cell lines. To describe the frequency and distribution of different types of(More)
Pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are chromaffin-cell tumors that arise from the adrenal medulla and extra-adrenal paraganglia, respectively. The dysfunction of genes involved in the cellular response to hypoxia, such as VHL, EGL nine homolog 1, and the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) genes, leads to a direct abrogation of hypoxia inducible(More)
A series of 38 primary laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumours, 15 lymph-node metastases and normal tissue were evaluated in frozen sections for the expression of MHC class I and II antigens, using monomorphic monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to HLA-ABC, beta 2-microglobulin, DR, DP, DQ, HLA-B and polymorphic HLA-ABC antigens. Normal distant mucosa of larynx(More)
Downregulation of MHC class I expression is a widespread phenomenon used by tumor cells to escape antitumor T-cell-mediated immune responses. These alterations may play a role in the clinical course of the disease. The aim of our study was to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the absence of HLA-class I molecule expression in bladder cancer(More)
We studied immunohistological and biochemical aspects of the CD44 molecule with a mAb produced in our lab: GRHL-1. The characteristic expression of this antigen in cells of B lineage was analyzed. This mAb showed identical immunohistological patterns of reactivity to other mAbs included in CD44 cluster, on a variety lymphoid and nonlymphoid human tissues,(More)
We have compared the expression of the common leucocyte antigen (CD45) and the restricted leucocyte antigen (CD45R) on normal haematopoietic cells, cell lines, and a total number of 136 cases of myeloid and lymphoid proliferative syndromes. CD45, the conventional leucocyte antigen, presents a generalized distribution along the lymphoid and myeloid(More)
Immune mechanisms have been suggested to play a role in the natural disease course of RCC. The objective of this study was to examine factors that may be involved in the signifi cant survival benefi t of immunotherapy for RCC patients. A low frequency of total or HLA haplotype loss was found and, in parallel, the tumour tissue expressed more HLA classI/ B2m(More)
 The activation of natural killer cells and induction of cytotoxicity are complex processes whose molecular mechanisms have not been clearly elucidated. Stimulation of the NKL human NK cell line with interleukin-2 (IL-2) or protein-bound polysaccharide K (PSK) leads to sustained growth and cytolytic activity in comparison to unstimulated NKL cells. However,(More)