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Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
Comparative genome hybridization (CGH) to DNA microarrays (array CGH) is a technique capable of detecting deletions and duplications in genomes at high resolution. However, array CGH studies of the human genome noting false negative and false positive results using large insert clones as probes have raised important concerns regarding the suitability of(More)
Neospora caninum is a world-wide parasite that causes neuromuscular disorders in dogs and bovine abortion. Biological diversity among isolates has been proved in both in vivo and in vitro studies. In contrast, little is known about the genetic diversity of this parasite. Microsatellite sequence analysis constitutes a suitable tool that has been used for the(More)
Neospora caninum tachyzoites were isolated from the brain of an asymptomatic naturally infected calf with precolostral-specific antibodies. The new isolate, named Nc-Spain 1H, was identified as a member of the N. caninum species based on its internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) sequence and was genetically characterized using microsatellite markers.(More)
Neospora caninum is a cyst-forming parasite that causes abortion in cattle. Despite this parasite's ubiquitous distribution and wide host range, the number of N. caninum isolates obtained to date is limited. In vitro isolation of the parasite is arduous and often unsuccessful. In addition, most isolates have been obtained from clinically affected hosts and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with deficient cell-mediated immunity are prone to chronic biliary tract infection with Cryptosporidium, which can lead to the development of sclerosing cholangitis and acute cryptosporidiosis after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The organism is very difficult to detect during asymptomatic periods. METHODS PCR techniques were(More)
The cyst-forming protozoan parasite Neosporacaninum is one of the main causes of bovine abortion worldwide and is of great economic importance in the cattle industry. Recent studies have revealed extensive genetic variation among N. caninum isolates based on microsatellite sequences (MSs). MSs may be suitable molecular markers for inferring the diversity of(More)
Besnoitia besnoiti was isolated from a skin biopsy of a chronically infected cow from central Spain. Zoites released from macroscopic cysts were adapted to its culture in vitro on a MARC-145 cell monolayer. Tachyzoites produced in vitro were either cryopreserved or used for genomic DNA isolation. A 2206 nt sequence containing 18S ribosomal RNA gene,(More)
We report here on the development of a nested PCR procedure for the application of Neospora caninum microsatellite markers to clinical samples. Genotyping technology by fluorescently labelled DNA fragment analysis was used in combination with DNA sequencing for those markers which show additional SNPs or complex repetitive sequences. Twenty-nine DNA samples(More)
In this study, we investigated the presence of Cryptosporidium in 171 faecal samples from reptiles commonly used as pet animals. These include lizards belonging to the genera Eublepharis, Pogona, Chlamydosaurus, Hemiteconyx, Teratoscincus, Tiliqua, Iguana, and Chamaeleo, snakes of the genera Lampropeltis, Elaphe, Python, Boa and Corallus, and tortoises(More)