Susana Mabel Gallego

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A relationship between the antioxidant defense system and salt tolerance in two types of sunflower calli differing in salt sensitivity was studied. No reduction in growth occurred in the NaCl-salt-adapted cell line (T) when grown on 175 mM NaCl but growth of the salt-stressed cell line (S) was reduced by 83%. Lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation(More)
In order to examine the possible involvement of the 20S proteasome in degradation of oxidized proteins, the effects of different cadmium concentrations on its activities, protein abundance and oxidation level were studied using maize (Zea mays L.) leaf segments. The accumulation of carbonylated and ubiquitinated proteins was also investigated. Treatment(More)
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in specific regions of Salix seedlings roots seems essential for the normal growth of this organ. We examined the role of different ROS in the control of root development in Salix nigra seedlings, and explored possible mechanisms involved in the regulation of ROS generation and action. Root growth was not(More)
The effect of oxidative stress induced by cadmium on growth parameters and on the balance between protein synthesis and degradation was studied in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) leaves. Plants were germinated for 10 days and then transferred to hydroponic medium devoid (control) or containing 100, 200 and 300μM CdCl2. Analyses were performed between days(More)
The effect of moderate (50 μ M) and high (200 μ M) doses of Cd were studied in relation to polyamine (Pas) metabolism, proline level and the glutamine synthetase/glutamate synthase system (GS/GOGAT) activity in nodules and roots of soybean plants during 6 days of treatment. The lower Cd concentration increased putrescine (Put) in both nodules and roots,(More)
Cadmium (Cd) homeostasis and detoxification in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cells differing in Cd sensitivity/tolerance were studied by analyzing the glutathione-mediated antioxidant mechanism vis-à-vis phytochelatin biosynthesis in vitro. Calluses exposed to Cd-shock/-acclimatization (150μM) were assayed for oxidative stress, reduced glutathione (GSH),(More)
Cadmium causes oxidative damage and hence affects nitrogen assimilation. In the present work we tested the relationship between the inactivation of the enzymes involved in nitrogen assimilation pathway (glutamine synthetase (GS)/glutamate synthase (GOGAT)) and the protein oxidation in nodules of soybean (Glycine max L.) plants under Cd2+ stress. Therefore,(More)
One of the main antioxidant enzymes, catalase (CAT, EC, is capable of catalyzing the dismutation of H(2)O(2). This enzyme is involved in signal transduction pathway in plants, controlling the cellular level of this reactive oxygen species. Four different genes, CATA1-CATA4, were identified in Helianthus annuus L. cotyledons. Incubation of(More)
Nitrogen fixation and assimilation in nodules and roots were studied in soybean (Glycine max L.) exposed to different levels of aluminium (Al) stress (0, 50, 200 and 500 μM). Al at 500 μM induced oxidative stress, which became evident from an increase in lipid peroxidation accompanied by a concomitant decline in antioxidant enzyme activities and(More)
The relationship between cadmium-induced oxidative stress and nodule senescence in soybean was investigated at two different concentrations of cadmium ions (50 and 200 μM), in solution culture. High cadmium concentration (200 μM) resulted in oxidative stress, which was indicated by an increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content and a(More)