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OBJECTIVE It has been reported that women fare worse after ischemic coronary events, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Because platelets play a central role in the formation of occlusive thrombi at sites of ruptured atherosclerotic plaques, we studied male/female paired mouse littermates for sex differences in platelet function. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play an essential role in the fight against tumor development. Over the last years, the progress made in the NK-cell biology field and in deciphering how NK-cell function is regulated, is driving efforts to utilize NK-cell-based immunotherapy as a promising approach for the treatment of malignant diseases. Therapies involving NK(More)
The platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V complex mediates the attachment of platelets to the blood vessel wall by binding von Willebrand factor (VWF), an interaction that also transmits signals for platelet activation and aggregation. Because the complex is extensively palmitoylated, a modification known to target proteins to lipid rafts, we investigated the(More)
As mouse models have become commonplace for studying hemostasis and thrombosis, we considered whether the mouse system had utility for assessing genetic alterations in platelet receptors. Platelets from 5 mouse strains (C57BL/6 [C57], FVB/N [FVB], BALB/c, C3H/He, and 129Sv) showed only minor differences in the expression of integrin alpha(IIb), integrin(More)
Factor J (FJ) is a complement inhibitor that acts on the classical and the alternative pathways. We demonstrated FJ-cell interactions in fluid phase by flow cytometry experiments using the cell lines Jurkat, K562, JY, and peripheral blood lymphocytes. FJ bound to plastic plates was able to induce in vitro adhesion of these cells with potency equivalent to(More)
Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a type I membrane mucoprotein abundantly presented in the epithelial cells (podocytes) of kidney glomeruli where it plays an important role in maintaining the plasma filtration. PODXL is also expressed in other types of cells but its function is ignored. A recombinant soluble fragment of the PODXL ectodomain modifies the signaling of(More)
Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a 145KDa sialoprotein abundantly expressed in the glycocalix of the intraglomerular kidney epithelial cells, essential in maintaining a normal renal function. PODXL is also found in vascular endothelial cells, megakaryocytes and platelets. The function of PODXL in platelets is ignored; however, its surface exposure upon platelet(More)
Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a mucin protein of the CD34 family expressed in kidney glomerular podocytes, vascular endothelium, progenitor bone marrow and tumor cells. It is assumed that PODXL plays an anti-adherent role in kidney podocytes. CHO cells stably expressing human PODXL (CHO-PODXL) or human tumor cells (Tera-1) inherently expressing PODXL showed(More)
Podocalyxin (PODXL) is an anti-adhesive glycoprotein expressed abundantly in the epithelial cells of kidney glomeruli. In contrast, we report herein that expression of podocalyxin(GFP) (PODXL(GFP)) in CHO cells increased the adherence to immobilized fibronectin, spreading, and migration. The transient knockdown of PODXL or the expression of PODXL lacking(More)
Podocalyxin (Podxl) is a type I membrane sialoprotein of the CD34 family, originally described in the epithelial glomerular cells of the kidney (podocytes) in which it plays an important function. Podxl can also be found in megakaryocytes and platelets among other extrarenal places. The surface exposure of Podxl upon platelet activation suggested it could(More)