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The effects of antidepressant drugs on the synthesis of noradrenaline and serotonin (5-HT) were assessed using the accumulation of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) after decarboxylase inhibition as a measure of the rate of tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylation in the rat brain in vivo. Three inhibitory synthesis-modulating(More)
Brain monoamines are involved in many neurochemical and behavioral effects of cannabinoids, but little is known on the regulation of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin (5-HT) synthesis in cannabinoid addiction. This study investigated in rat brain the chronic effects of the potent cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 and of rimonabant-precipitated(More)
Melatonin has an important role in the aging process as a potential drug to relieve oxidative damage, a likely cause of age-associated brain dysfunction. As age advances, the nocturnal production of melatonin decreases potentially causing physiological alterations. The present experiments were performed to study in vivo the effects of exogenously(More)
It has been reported that Growth hormone (GH) has an immediate effect enhancing excitatory postsynaptic potentials mediated by AMPA and NMDA receptors in hippocampal area CA1. As GH plays a role in adult memory processing, this work aims to study the acute effects of GH on working memory tasks in rodents and the possible involvement of NMDA and AMPA(More)
An age-related decline in cognitive functions and physical performance has been associated with reductions in growth hormone (GH) secretion and brain neurotransmitter function. In vivo experiments were performed to study the long-term effects of exogenously administered GH on the central monoaminergic neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline(More)
Thus far, most hypotheses on the evolutionary origin of sleep only addressed the probable origin of its main states, REM and NREM. Our article presents the origin of the whole continuum of mammalian vigilance states including waking, sleep and hibernation and the causes of the alternation NREM-REM in a sleeping episode. We propose: (1) the active state of(More)
It has been suggested that theta rhythm gates the flow of information between the hippocampus and cortex during memory processes. The cholinergic system plays an important role in regulating vigilance states and in generating theta rhythm. This study aims to analyse the effects of the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (120 and 360 microg, i.c.v.) on(More)
Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist capable to induce seizures and an epilepticus-like state in rodents. This status epilepticus (SE) is an useful animal model to study the development and understanding of the neuropathology, behavioural and electroencephalographic alterations of human temporal lobe epilepsy. It has been suggested a relationship between SE(More)
The acute effects of cannabinoid drugs on the synthesis of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin (5-HT) were assessed, simultaneously, using the accumulation of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) after decarboxylase inhibition as a measure of the rate of tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylation in the rat brain in vivo.(More)
Aging is an inevitable and multifactorial biological process. Free radicals have been implicated in aging processes; it is hypothesized that they cause cumulative oxidative damage to crucial macromolecules and are responsible for failure of multiple physiological mechanisms. However, recent investigations have also suggested that free radicals can act as(More)