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Long-term ethanol treatment substantially impairs glycosylation and membrane trafficking in primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Our previous studies indicated that these effects were attributable to a primary alteration in the dynamics and organization of the actin cytoskeleton, although the molecular mechanism(s) remains to be elucidated. As small Rho(More)
A class IV-type, gastric alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) has been purified from frog (Rana perezi) tissues, meaning detection of this enzyme type also in nonmammalian vertebrates. However, the protein is unique among vertebrate ADHs thus far characterized in having preference for NADP(+) rather than NAD(+). Similarly, it deviates structurally from other class(More)
Efficient post-Golgi trafficking depends on microtubules, but actin filaments and actin-associated proteins are also postulated. Here we examined, by inverse fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, the role of actin dynamics in the exit from the TGN of fluorescent-tagged apical or basolateral and raft or non-raft-associated cargoes. Either the(More)
Alcohol abuse produces damaging effects on the CNS that leads to several types of disorders. When consumed during pregnancy, alcohol may cause craniofacial malformations, growth retardation and brain damage in offspring. These symptoms are grouped by the term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is the most common cause of non-genetic mental retardation in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate possible differences in Th1 and Th2 cytokine mRNA expression in the synovial tissue (ST) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and seronegative spondyloarthropathies (SpA) with diagnostic and/or pathogenic interest. METHODS Eleven RA patients and 14 SpA patients (10 with undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (USpA), two with(More)
The localization of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in brain regions would demonstrate active ethanol metabolism in brain during alcohol consumption, which would be a new basis to explain the effects of ethanol in the central nervous system. Tissue sections from several regions of adult rat brain were examined by in situ hybridization to detect the expression(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity has been detected in all arteries and veins examined from humans and rat. In distinct human autopsy vessels, activity values range from 0.9 +/- 0.2 to 9.9 +/- 7.7 mU/mg. Distribution of the activity in human aorta was: intima (23.5%), media (74%) and adventia (2.5%). In most of the samples the beta1 beta1 isozyme of(More)
Diacylglycerol is necessary for trans-Golgi network (TGN) to cell surface transport, but its functional relevance in the early secretory pathway is unclear. Although depletion of diacylglycerol did not affect ER-to-Golgi transport, it led to a redistribution of the KDEL receptor to the Golgi, indicating that Golgi-to-ER transport was perturbed. Electron(More)
Meiotic progression in Xenopus oocytes, and all other oocytes investigated, is dependent on polyadenylation-induced translation of stockpiled maternal mRNAs. Early during meiotic resumption, phosphorylation of CPE-binding protein (CPEB) is required for polyadenylation-induced translation of mRNAs encoding cell cycle regulators. Xenopus Gef (XGef), a(More)
Polyadenylation-induced translation is an important regulatory mechanism during metazoan development. During Xenopus oocyte meiotic progression, polyadenylation-induced translation is regulated by CPEB, which is activated by phosphorylation. XGef, a guanine exchange factor, is a CPEB-interacting protein involved in the early steps of progesterone-stimulated(More)