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To ascertain whether measles vaccination was associated with reduced mortality rates in rural Bangladeshi children, the authors conducted a case-control study in four contiguous areas, two of which had participated in an intensive measles vaccination program which began in the spring of 1982. Cases were 536 children who had died in the four-area region at(More)
Indoor air pollution has been causally linked to acute lower respiratory infections in children younger than 5. The aim of this study was to identify target behaviors for a behavioral intervention to reduce child exposure to indoor air pollution by attempting to answer two research questions: Which behaviors are protective of child respiratory health in the(More)
Zoonotic disease emergence is not a purely biological process mediated only by ecologic factors; opportunities for transmission of zoonoses from animals to humans also depend on how people interact with animals. While exposure is conditioned by the type of animal and the location in which interactions occur, these in turn are influenced by human activity.(More)
The authors studied the frequency of diarrheal illness associated with non-typhi Salmonella at two clinics in Bangladesh for the years 1977-1979. Non-typhi salmonellae were isolated from 0.29% of fecal specimens or rectal swabs in an urban area and 0.26% of similar specimens in a rural area; the frequency of isolations peaked in the summer months.(More)
In recent years, malaria has received a dramatic increase in attention worldwide, as witnessed by the growing number of articles in scientific journals, the forging of international partnerships such as the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria and Roll Back Malaria, and a global call to action. These initiatives have recognized the role that human behaviour(More)
A small retrospective study carried out in rural Bangladesh identified respiratory illness, diarrhoea and conjunctival dryness as complications of measles. A case-fatality rate of 1.3% was recorded. Association between length of diarrhoea and conjunctival dryness was noted. However, no difference was observed in the anthropometric data between cases and(More)
The acceptability of prepackaged rice-based (Oresol-R) and flavoured (Oresol-F) glucose-based oral rehydration salts (ORS) solutions was compared with that of standard glucose-based ORS (Oresol-G) in a randomized field trial. Additionally, it is determined if presenting rice-based ORS as a solution that would help stop diarrhoea (Oresol-K) enhanced its(More)
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 29 villages of Khamkeuth District in Bolikhamxay Province in the Lao PDR during March to May 2013. The study aimed to determine the characteristics associated with rodent consumption and related behaviors among different ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Five-hundred-eighty-four (584) males and females from 18-50(More)
Although the majority of emerging infectious diseases can be linked to wildlife sources, most pathogen spillover events to people could likely be avoided if transmission was better understood and practices adjusted to mitigate risk. Wildlife trade can facilitate zoonotic disease transmission and represents a threat to human health and economies in Asia,(More)