Susan Y. Rostami

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We found that an induction immunotherapy regimen consisting of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin) and the monoclonal antibody to CD20 rituximab (Rituxan) promoted long-term islet allograft survival in cynomolgus macaques maintained on rapamycin monotherapy. B lymphocyte reconstitution after rituximab-mediated depletion was characterized by a(More)
Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop an acute onset of hyperglycemia reminiscent of human type I diabetes. The disease is the end result of a mononuclear cell infiltration of pancreatic islets (insulitis), culminating in the selective destruction of islet beta-cells by autoreactive T-cells. NOD mice also exhibit defects in B-cell tolerance as(More)
B cell-deficient nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice are protected from the development of spontaneous autoimmune diabetes, suggesting a requisite role for Ag presentation by B lymphocytes for the activation of a diabetogenic T cell repertoire. This study specifically examines the importance of B cell-mediated MHC class II Ag presentation as a regulator of(More)
Acute allograft rejection requires the activation of alloreactive CD4 T cells. Despite the capacity of B cells to act as potent APCs capable of activating CD4 T cells in vivo, their role in the progression of acute allograft rejection was unclear. To determine the contribution of B cell APC function in alloimmunity, we engineered mice with a targeted(More)
BACKGROUND Direct measurement of the precursor frequency of alloreactive CD4+ T cells has been impossible due to the lack of a specific means of determining the absolute number of daughter cells generated with each division in a repertoire of stimulated T cells. METHODS Responder lymphocytes were fluorescently labeled and adoptively transferred into(More)
B lymphocytes are required for the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice. Previous studies established that a lymphopenic transitional (TR) B cell compartment reduces the competitive constraint on the entry of newly emerging TR B cells into the splenic follicle (FO), thereby disrupting a peripheral negative selection checkpoint in NOD mice. Thus,(More)
  • S A Greeley, D J Moore, +7 authors A Naji
  • 2001
Despite the impressive protection of B cell-deficient (muMT(-/-)) nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice from spontaneous diabetes, existence of mild pancreatic islet inflammation in these mice indicates that initial autoimmune targeting of beta cells has occurred. Furthermore, muMT(-/-) NOD mice are shown to harbor a latent repertoire of diabetogenic T cells, as(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic administration of soluble recombinant fusion protein of cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4Ig) induces blockade of the CD28/B7 costimulatory pathway and promotes survival of allogeneic and xenogeneic grafts. We tested the efficacy of local expression of CTLA4Ig gene in the myocardium, induced by transduction with a recombinant(More)
Comparative study of alloimmune responses against major and minor histocompatibility Ags has been limited by the lack of suitable assays. Here, we use a bioassay that permits tracking of alloreactive CD4+ T cell populations as they proliferate in response to major or minor histocompatibility Ags in vivo. Division of alloreactive CD4+ T cells proceeded more(More)
Activation of alloreactive CD4 T cells occurs via the direct and indirect pathways of alloantigen presentation. A novel TCR/alloantigen transgenic system was designed that permitted in vivo visualization of CD4 T cell priming through these pathways. When both pathways of alloantigen presentation were intact, CD4 T cell activation in response to cardiac(More)