Susan Y. Rostami

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B cell-deficient nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice are protected from the development of spontaneous autoimmune diabetes, suggesting a requisite role for Ag presentation by B lymphocytes for the activation of a diabetogenic T cell repertoire. This study specifically examines the importance of B cell-mediated MHC class II Ag presentation as a regulator of(More)
Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop an acute onset of hyperglycemia reminiscent of human type I diabetes. The disease is the end result of a mononuclear cell infiltration of pancreatic islets (insulitis), culminating in the selective destruction of islet beta-cells by autoreactive T-cells. NOD mice also exhibit defects in B-cell tolerance as(More)
Acute allograft rejection requires the activation of alloreactive CD4 T cells. Despite the capacity of B cells to act as potent APCs capable of activating CD4 T cells in vivo, their role in the progression of acute allograft rejection was unclear. To determine the contribution of B cell APC function in alloimmunity, we engineered mice with a targeted(More)
Activation of alloreactive CD4 T cells occurs via the direct and indirect pathways of alloantigen presentation. A novel TCR/alloantigen transgenic system was designed that permitted in vivo visualization of CD4 T cell priming through these pathways. When both pathways of alloantigen presentation were intact, CD4 T cell activation in response to cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND One of the best-defined mechanisms for the induction of apoptosis involves signaling via the cell surface molecule Fas, after binding of Fas ligand. Expression of Fas ligand is tightly regulated, being expressed primarily by T cells after activation, where it serves as a self-regulatory mechanism for immune responses. Fas ligand has also been(More)
We found that an induction immunotherapy regimen consisting of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin) and the monoclonal antibody to CD20 rituximab (Rituxan) promoted long-term islet allograft survival in cynomolgus macaques maintained on rapamycin monotherapy. B lymphocyte reconstitution after rituximab-mediated depletion was characterized by a(More)
Despite the impressive protection of B cell-deficient (muMT(-/-)) nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice from spontaneous diabetes, existence of mild pancreatic islet inflammation in these mice indicates that initial autoimmune targeting of beta cells has occurred. Furthermore, muMT(-/-) NOD mice are shown to harbor a latent repertoire of diabetogenic T cells, as(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic administration of soluble recombinant fusion protein of cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4Ig) induces blockade of the CD28/B7 costimulatory pathway and promotes survival of allogeneic and xenogeneic grafts. We tested the efficacy of local expression of CTLA4Ig gene in the myocardium, induced by transduction with a recombinant(More)
BACKGROUND Direct measurement of the precursor frequency of alloreactive CD4+ T cells has been impossible due to the lack of a specific means of determining the absolute number of daughter cells generated with each division in a repertoire of stimulated T cells. METHODS Responder lymphocytes were fluorescently labeled and adoptively transferred into(More)