Susan W. Craig

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Human mesenchymal stem cells are thought to be multipotent cells, which are present in adult marrow, that can replicate as undifferentiated cells and that have the potential to differentiate to lineages of mesenchymal tissues, including bone, cartilage, fat, tendon, muscle, and marrow stroma. Cells that have the characteristics of human mesenchymal stem(More)
We have found that vinculin is localized at the sarcolemma of skeletal muscle cells in a two-dimensional orthogonal lattice. Perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cell, bands of vinculin encircle the muscle cell and repeat along its length with a periodicity corresponding to the subjacent sarcomeres. Because of their appearance and probable(More)
Although vinculin is present at all sites of F-actin attachment to plasma membranes and is required for linkage of myofibrils to sarcolemma, it is unclear how it promotes attachment of actin to membranes. Because biochemical evidence for a direct interaction of vinculin with F-actin is controversial, current models of actin-membrane linkages depict only an(More)
Vinculin is a highly conserved intracellular protein with a crucial role in the maintenance and regulation of cell adhesion and migration. In the cytosol, vinculin adopts a default autoinhibited conformation. On recruitment to cell-cell and cell-matrix adherens-type junctions, vinculin becomes activated and mediates various protein-protein interactions that(More)
After infection with coxsackie virus B3 (CB3), H-2 congenic mice on an A- background develop immunologically mediated myocarditis associated with an increased titer of myosin autoantibody, part of which is specific for the cardiac myosin isoform. The present study demonstrates that cardiac myosin itself induces severe myocarditis and high titers of myosin(More)
Immunofluorescent staining of bovine and avian cardiac tissue with affinity-purified antibody to chicken gizzard vinculin reveals two new sites of vinculin reactivity. First, vinculin is organized at the sarcolemma in a striking array of rib-like bands, or costameres. The costameres encircle the cardiac muscle cell perpendicular to the long axis of the(More)
Localization of vinculin at the sarcolemma of striated muscle fibers defines an orthogonal lattice. The costameres of the lattice are the riblike bands of vinculin that run perpendicular to the long axis of the fiber, repeat in register with I bands of the subjacent myofibrils, and seem to couple the myofibril to the sarcolemma [Pardo et al 1982, 1983a].(More)
Vinculin is autoinhibited by an intramolecular interaction that masks binding sites for talin and F-actin. Although a recent structural model explains autoinhibition solely in terms of the interaction between vinculin tail (Vt) and residues 1-258 (D1), we find an absolute requirement for an interface involving the D4 domain of head (Vh residues 710-836) and(More)
Dynamic interactions between the cytoskeleton and integrins control cell adhesion, but regulatory mechanisms remain largely undefined. Here, we tested the extent to which the autoinhibitory head-tail interaction (HTI) in vinculin regulates formation and lifetime of the talin-vinculin complex, a proposed mediator of integrin-cytoskeleton bonds. In an ectopic(More)
Conformational change is believed to be important to vinculin's function at sites of cell adhesion. However, nothing is known about vinculin's conformation in living cells. Using a Forster resonance energy transfer probe that reports on changes in vinculin's conformation, we find that vinculin is in the actin-binding conformation in a peripheral band of(More)