Susan Villanueva

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The chemical nature of the central transmitter responsible for fast excitatory events and other related phenomena is analysed against the historical background that has progressively clarified the structure and function of central synapses. One of the problems posed by research in this field has been whether one or more of the numerous excitatory substances(More)
We have isolated highly purified rat brain postsynaptic densities (PSDs), that are known to contain glutamate receptors of the AMPA and NMDA types. These PSDs were incorporated into liposomes, and grown, by a cycle of partial de- and rehydration in 5% ethylene glycol, into giant (5-100 microns in diameter) liposomes. These giant liposomes were then made to(More)
Postsynaptic densities (PSDs) were isolated from rat brain cortex and hippocampus, purified and incorporated into giant (5-80 microns in diameter) liposomes. Gigaohm seals were obtained with a patch-clamp pipette, and a giant liposome PSD-containing membrane patch, was excised and recorded. The PSD was always oriented in an inside-out configuration. This(More)
The presence of endogenous ligands for the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor was looked for in highly purified rat brain cortex synaptic vesicles, the contents of which were extracted and fractionated by gel filtration on Sephadex G-10, or by three different high-voltage electrophoresis procedures. The presence of endogenous ligands was detected by their(More)
In August 1995, the South Centre became a permanent intergovernmental organization of developing countries. In pursuing its objectives of promoting South solidarity, South-South cooperation, and coordinated participation by developing countries in international forums, the South Centre prepares, publishes and distributes information , strategic analyses and(More)
The presence in highly purified rat brain cortex synaptic vesicles of endogenous ligands for rat brain quisqualate receptors was investigated. The vesicles were extracted, and their contents fractionated by high voltage electrophoresis. Endogenous ligands were detected by a radioreceptor assay in which such ligands competed with 50 nM L-[3H]glutamate for(More)
It has been proposed that nitric oxide (NO) is an inhibitory modulator of carotid body (CB) chemoreception to hypoxia. However, the effects of NO gas on carotid chemoreception have not been tested yet. The role played by NO has been revealed by the use of pharmacological tools (i.e., NO donors and NO synthase inhibitors). Here, we studied the effects of NO(More)
The efflux of endogenous glutamate from thin slices of rat brain cortex superfused in vitro with artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) was studied. Initially, glutamate efflux was very high (2.5 nmol/mg protein/min), possibly because of the cutting procedure, but declined sharply, and at 30 min of superfusion was 25 pmol/mg protein/min. In ACSF without(More)
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