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1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is widely used to induce an animal model of Parkinsonism. The conventional mouse model, which usually involves acute or subacute injections of MPTP, results in a significant but reversible loss of dopaminergic functions. We have developed an alternative mouse model, in which co-administration of MPTP with(More)
Three isoforms of a vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT1-3) have been identified. Of these, VGLUT1 is the major isoform in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus where it is selectively located on synaptic vesicles of excitatory glutamatergic terminals. Variations in VGLUT1 expression levels have a major impact on the efficacy of glutamate synaptic(More)
The ultrastructural features of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) -immunoreactive interneurons of rat nucleus accumbens shell and core were studied and compared. The NOS-containing subpopulation displayed characteristics similar to those previously described for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase-, neuropeptide Y, or(More)
The hippocampal input to the nucleus accumbens was interrupted by an electrolytic lesion of the fimbria-fornix. Boutons degenerating as a result of this lesion were found in asymmetric synaptic contact with dendritic spines and shafts in the medial part of the nucleus accumbens. Dopaminergic fibres and terminals in this area, identified using an antibody to(More)
The basolateral amygdala and the ventral subiculum of the hippocampal formation are two of the major limbic-related regions within the brain, both of which project heavily to the nucleus accumbens. The nucleus accumbens is regarded as the limbic-motor interface, in view of these limbic afferent and its somatomotor and autonomic efferent connections. These(More)
Astrocytes play a major role in maintaining low levels of synaptically released glutamate, and in many neurodegenerative diseases, astrocytes become reactive and lose their ability to regulate glutamate levels, through a malfunction of the glial glutamate transporter-1. However, in Parkinson's disease, there are few data on these glial cells or their(More)
It is possible either permanently or transiently to deplete the rat striatum of dopamine. Following such depletions, striatal neurons immunoreactive for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) or dopamine appear. The presence of dopamine-producing neurons in the striatum has relevance for the treatment of Parkinson's disease,(More)
Neurons in the hippocampal formation of the rat that project to the medial nucleus accumbens were identified following the retrograde transport of a conjugate of horseradish peroxidase with wheat germ agglutinin. The great majority of such projecting neurons were located in the ventral subiculum and were pyramidal in shape; the pyramidal nature of 25 such(More)
Both tyrosine hydroxylase-positive fibres from the mesolimbic dopamine system and amygdala projection fibres from the basolateral nucleus are known to terminate heavily in the nucleus accumbens. Caudal amygdala fibres travelling dorsally via the stria terminalis project densely to the nucleus accumbens shell, especially in the dopamine rich septal hook. The(More)
Rearing rats in isolation produces perturbations in behavior and brain neurochemistry suggested to resemble those of schizophrenia. In particular, isolation-reared rats display deficits in prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle that in humans are associated with disorders including schizophrenia and are interpreted as abnormalities in sensorimotor gating.(More)