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Functional connectivity (FC) between brain regions is thought to be central to the way in which the brain processes information. Abnormal connectivity is thought to be implicated in a number of diseases. The ability to study FC is therefore a key goal for neuroimaging. Functional connectivity (fc) MRI has become a popular tool to make connectivity(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal changes occurring during execution of a simple motor task were measured at field strengths of 1.5, 3 and 7 T using multi-slice, single-shot, gradient echo EPI at a resolution of 1x1x3 mm(3), to quantify the benefits offered by ultra-high magnetic field for functional MRI. Using four different echo times at(More)
This study has measured the longitudinal and transverse (T2* relaxivity curves for ProHance (Gadoteridol), Vasovist (Gadofosveset) and deoxyhemoglobin at 1.5, 3.0, and 7.0 Tesla. The plots of R(1) versus both contrast agent and deoxyhemoglobin concentration were linear. The plots of R2* versus deoxyhemoglobin concentration showed a quadratic dependence. R2*(More)
A salience network, comprising bilateral insula and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), is thought to play a role in recruiting relevant brain regions for the processing of sensory information. Here, we present a functional network connectivity (FNC) analysis of spatial networks identified during somatosensation, performed to test the hypothesis that salience(More)
Ankle dorsiflexion (ADF) is an integral component in gait. The objective of this study was to define, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers (n=12), the brain regions that are activated during Electrical Stimulation (ES)-induced ADF movements, and compare this to the pattern of activation occurring during active and passive(More)
This paper describes a method of noninvasively measuring regional arterial cerebral blood volume fractions (CBV(a)) in vivo using the combination of Look-Locker echo-planar imaging (LL-EPI) with arterial spin labeling (ASL). Using this technique the arterial inflow curve is rapidly sampled and the regional CBV(a) is measured, while tissue perfusion signals(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate regional brain activity associated with the alpha oscillations related to perception of sensory stimuli, and test the hypothesis that the synchronisation of alpha oscillations with stimulus onset is impaired in schizophrenia. METHODS Joint independent component analysis was applied to electroencephalographic and functional magnetic(More)
Measurements have been carried out in six subjects at magnetic fields of 1.5, 3 and 7 T, with the aim of characterizing the variation of T2* with field strength in human brain. Accurate measurement of T2* in the presence of macroscopic magnetic field inhomogeneity is problematic due to signal decay resulting from through-slice dephasing. The approach(More)
BACKGROUND Although many studies of painful rectal stimulation have found activation in the insula, cingulate, somatosensory, prefrontal cortices and thalamus, there is considerable variability when comparing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) results. Multiple factors may be responsible, including the model used in fMRI data analysis. Here, we(More)
Unambiguous interpretation of changes in the BOLD signal is challenging because of the complex neurovascular coupling that translates changes in neuronal activity into the subsequent haemodynamic response. In particular, the neurophysiological origin of the negative BOLD response (NBR) remains incompletely understood. Here, we simultaneously recorded BOLD,(More)