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The kidney not only regulates fluid and electrolyte balance but also functions as an endocrine organ. For instance, it is the major source of circulating erythropoietin and renin. Despite currently available therapies, there is a marked increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. We hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-mediated mechanisms have been implicated in intimal lesion formation following vascular injury. Although the participation of peptide growth factors has been suspected in this process, little has been known about the possible mitogenic role of other platelet factors that are released at sites of vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Local release of mitogenic and chemotactic signals during angioplasty-induced vascular injury may initiate restenosis. We investigated whether mechanical injury to vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) results in the release of biologically active peptide growth factors. Monolayers of bovine SMC cultures were mechanically injured by cell scraping. Conditioned(More)
Expansion of the mesangial matrix in diabetes occurs after prolonged exposure to the diabetic milieu. To mimic the long-term hyperglycemia of diabetes mellitus we developed tissue culture systems that might approximate the chronic state. This was accomplished in two ways: (1) by growing mesangial cells on extracellular matrix glycated and crosslinked in(More)
Cross-linking of cell matrix components by nonenzymatic glycosylation may contribute to diabetic glomerulopathy. We examined the effects of modification of matrix by nonenzymatic glycosylation on mesangial cell function. Matrix was generated by growing mesangial cells in tissue culture for 2 wk and removing the cells with a detergent cell-lysis solution. By(More)
Hyperlipidemia may play a role in the progression of diabetic and other renal diseases. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) and other proteins including extracellular matrix components undergo nonenzymatic glycation in vivo. We examined the effects of glycation of LDL as occurs in diabetes (4 to 8%) on binding and uptake by mesangial cells and their(More)
Altered proteoglycan metabolism may play a role in the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. This study was conducted to examine the effects of glucose on the production and physical characteristics of proteoglycans generated by rat mesangial cells in culture. Rat mesangial cells were exposed to elevated glucose media (500 mg/dl) or standard glucose media(More)
BACKGROUND Background Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been used increasingly in assessing dialysis patients. However, devices have not been validated formally for this population. Formal device validation is important in order to guarantee adequate performance for populations with special characteristics, such as patients undergoing(More)
Current literature suggests that side holes may be detrimental to dialysis catheter performance. Today, these catheters are primarily available with side holes. The purpose of this study was to compare flow rates, infection rate, and survival of side hole vs. non side hole hemodialysis catheters. Over a 16-month period patients were arbitrarily assigned to(More)
Determination of the optimal dose of renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury has been controversial. Questions have recently been raised regarding the design and execution of the US Department of Veterans Affairs/National Institutes of Health Acute Renal Failure Trial Network (ATN) Study, which demonstrated no(More)