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BACKGROUND The optimal intensity of renal-replacement therapy in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury is controversial. METHODS We randomly assigned critically ill patients with acute kidney injury and failure of at least one nonrenal organ or sepsis to receive intensive or less intensive renal-replacement therapy. The primary end point was(More)
The kidney not only regulates fluid and electrolyte balance but also functions as an endocrine organ. For instance, it is the major source of circulating erythropoietin and renin. Despite currently available therapies, there is a marked increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. We hypothesized(More)
Current literature suggests that side holes may be detrimental to dialysis catheter performance. Today, these catheters are primarily available with side holes. The purpose of this study was to compare flow rates, infection rate, and survival of side hole vs. non side hole hemodialysis catheters. Over a 16-month period patients were arbitrarily assigned to(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-mediated mechanisms have been implicated in intimal lesion formation following vascular injury. Although the participation of peptide growth factors has been suspected in this process, little has been known about the possible mitogenic role of other platelet factors that are released at sites of vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
To evaluate the possibility that the placement of arteriovenous anastomosis (a/v a) may lead to the attenuation of glomerular hyperfiltration, we studied 5 nondiabetic patients before and after creation of vascular access for hemodialysis. Patients received no EPO and antihypertensive therapy was discontinued 24 h before each study. Cardiac output (CO) and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Design elements of clinical trials can introduce recruitment bias and reduce study efficiency. Trials involving the critically ill may be particularly prone to design-related inefficiencies. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Enrollment into the Veterans Affairs/National Institutes of Health Acute Renal Failure Trial(More)
Local release of mitogenic and chemotactic signals during angioplasty-induced vascular injury may initiate restenosis. We investigated whether mechanical injury to vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) results in the release of biologically active peptide growth factors. Monolayers of bovine SMC cultures were mechanically injured by cell scraping. Conditioned(More)
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been increasingly used in hemodialysis (HD) practice and research; however, no study has evaluated the reproducibility of ABPM in this population. To address this question, we performed 48-hour interdialytic ABPM on 21 HD patients (mean age, 53 +/- 16 years; 7 women) on two different occasions 68 +/- 34 days(More)
OBJECTIVE It is uncertain which blood pressure values (pre- or post-haemodialysis) best represent the average daily blood pressure in haemodialysis patients. The purpose of this study was to verify the power of peridialysis blood pressure to predict interdialytic blood pressure, and to ascertain the influence of blood pressure fluctuations during dialysis(More)
Expansion of the mesangial matrix in diabetes occurs after prolonged exposure to the diabetic milieu. To mimic the long-term hyperglycemia of diabetes mellitus we developed tissue culture systems that might approximate the chronic state. This was accomplished in two ways: (1) by growing mesangial cells on extracellular matrix glycated and crosslinked in(More)