Susan Summers

Learn More
The study of human microvascular endothelial cells has been limited, because these cells are difficult to isolate in pure culture, are fastidious in their in vitro growth requirements, and have a very limited lifespan. In order to overcome these difficulties, we have transfected human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC) with a PBR-322-based(More)
VE-cadherin is an endothelial-specific cadherin that plays important roles in vascular morphogenesis and growth control. To investigate the mechanisms by which endothelial cells regulate cadherin cell surface levels, a VE-cadherin mutant containing the non-adhesive interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor extracellular domain and the VE-cadherin cytoplasmic tail(More)
Desmosomes are adhesive intercellular junctions prominent in the skin and heart. Loss of desmosome function is associated with severe congenital and acquired disorders characterized by tissue fragility. Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies are directed against the desmosomal adhesion molecule Dsg3, resulting in severe(More)
p0071 is an armadillo family protein related to both the adherens junction protein p120ctn and to the desmosomal proteins plakophilins 1-3. p0071 assembles into both adherens junctions and desmosomes, suggesting that this protein may regulate the balance between adherens junction and desmosome formation. Furthermore, this subfamily of proteins may also(More)
RATIONALE p120-catenin (p120) is an armadillo family protein that binds to the cytoplasmic domain of classical cadherins and prevents cadherin endocytosis. The role of p120 in vascular development is unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to examine the role of p120 in mammalian vascular development by generating a conditionally mutant mouse(More)
The brain peptide human growth hormone releasing factor (1-40) (GRF), which stimulates adenylate cyclase activity in the anterior pituitary, is the predominant hormone signal for pituitary growth hormone (GH) release. Activators of protein kinase C such as teleocidin and 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) double the cyclic AMP accumulation induced(More)
CD40 is a member of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) cell surface receptor family. It plays an important role in T-cell dependent B-cell functions and in dendritic cell development. It has also been identified as a cell surface receptor on endothelial cells. In this manuscript, we report that human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) express cell(More)
The GH3 pituitary tumor line expresses TRH receptors that stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis and hormone secretion. After protein kinase C was identified in GH3 cells by direct labeling with [3H]phorbol dibutyrate (PDB), the response to phorbol ester and TRH pretreatment on subsequent TRH-stimulated inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation was found to be(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum ATPase segment extending from the phosphorylation site (Asp-351) to the preceding transmembrane helix M4 (which is involved in Ca2+ binding in conjunction with transmembrane helices M5, M6, and M8) retains a marked sequence homology to the corresponding segments of other cation ATPases. We made 26 point mutations in this segment(More)