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The cooperation of oncogenes in the transformation of primary rat Schwann cells is a strikingly synergistic process. We have explored the molecular mechanisms involved. Activation of an inducible Raf kinase results in morphologically transformed cells that are arrested in G1 via the induction of p21(CiP1) and subsequent inhibition of cyclin/cdk activity. In(More)
The tumour suppressor gene p53 has been found to be mutated or inactivated at high frequency in several common human tumours. We have examined a series of exocrine pancreatic carcinomas for over-expression of mutant forms of p53 by immunohistochemistry with a panel of specific antibodies. We found immunodetectable p53 in 13 of 22 (60%) frozen pancreatic(More)
The objective of this study was to examine whether the functional genetic polymorphism Val158Met in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene influences cognitive deterioration in a sample of patients with psychosis under treatment with atypical antipsychotics. Eighty-seven patients with psychosis were genotyped for this polymorphism and were assessed(More)
The gene for the alpha polypeptide chain (alpha s) of the heterotrimeric G protein Gs can be activated to the putative oncogene gsp by specific point mutations at codons 201 and 227. Such mutations have been reported in 40% of human growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas and in a single autonomously functioning thyroid adenoma. We examined an archival(More)
Activation of the Ki-ras oncogene by specific point mutations at codon 12 occurs at a remarkably high frequency in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and is likely to be an important event in the pathogenesis of this cancer. To determine whether ras activation also occurs in noninvasive proliferative lesions of the pancreas, a series of cases of ductal(More)
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) typically have a functionally important C-terminus which, in the largest subfamily (family A), includes a membrane-parallel eighth helix. Mutations of this region are associated with several diseases. There are few C-terminal studies on the family B GPCRs and no data supporting the existence of a similar eighth helix in(More)
Minocycline possesses anti-inflammatory properties independently of its antibiotic activity although the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokines and pro-inflammatory protein expression are reduced by minocycline in cultured macrophages. Here, we tested a range of clinically important tetracycline compounds(More)
Past laboratory and field studies show that the effort necessary to obtain food acts as a determinant of food selection and consumption. Two studies examined the impact of increasing the effort needed to obtain candy or potato chips on selection in a normal lunch setting. In the first study, food selection, acceptance and intake were obtained during the(More)
OBJECTIVE In the study of bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia, there is some evidence suggesting a phenotypic and genetic overlap between the two disorders. A possible link between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia remains arguable, however. The authors hypothesized that dysbindin, which is a probable susceptibility gene for(More)
We have previously shown that activation of ras oncogenes by mutation is a frequent early event in human thyroid neoplasia. Using amphotropic retroviral vectors to achieve gene transfer, we demonstrate here that human primary thyroid epithelial cells can be partially transformed by an activated cellular or viral Ha-ras oncogene, in the absence of a(More)