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To determine the relevance of gastric juice factors to gastric carcinogenesis, 56 patients with unoperated stomachs undergoing endoscopy for dyspepsia had gastric juice aspirated and analysed for pH, ascorbic acid, total bile acids, nitrite, nitrate and total nitroso compounds (NOCs). Plasma was obtained for vitamin C estimation. Antral and body biopsies(More)
Antibody titres to Campylobacter pyloridis in serum and gastric juice were estimated by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to whole organisms obtained from bacterial culture in 39 patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia. Whereas 20 of the 21 patients with chronic gastritis had gastric C pyloridis, 17 patients with no C pyloridis had normal histology in(More)
AIMS There is some evidence that monitoring methadone plasma concentration may be of benefit in dosage adjustment during methadone maintenance therapy for heroin (opiate) dependence. However, the kinetics of oral methadone are incompletely characterized. We attempted to describe the latter using a population approach combining intensive 57 h sampling data(More)
A study conducted in 1994 showed that the use of blister packs containing antimalarial drugs significantly increased patients' compliance, compared with traditional means of dispensing drugs in a paper envelope. The present study assessed patients' compliance and compared the difference between 3-day chloroquine and 8-day primaquine courses of treatment for(More)
Ascorbic acid, the reduced form of vitamin C, may protect against gastric cancer and is secreted by the normal stomach. Secretion is impaired in Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) associated chronic gastritis. This study examined if eradication of H pylori improves gastric juice ascorbate values. Fasting gastric juice and plasma samples were collected at(More)
Caffeine is a commonly consumed drug during pregnancy with the potential to affect the developing fetus. Findings from previous studies have shown inconsistent results. We recruited a cohort of 2,643 pregnant women, aged 18-45 years, attending two UK maternity units between 8 and 12 weeks gestation from September 2003 to June 2006. We used a validated tool(More)
Studies on the effects of caffeine on health, while numerous, have produced inconsistent results. One of the most uncertain and controversial effects is on pregnancy outcome. Studies have produced conflicting results due to a number of methodological variations. The major challenge is the accurate assessment of caffeine intake. The aim of the present study(More)
The production of immunoglobulins by jejunal mucosa during organ culture has been studied. In 18 untreated coeliac patients the amounts of IgA, secretory IgA and IgM in the culture medium were higher than in those from 17 normal controls. The results in 15 treated coeliac patients did not differ from the control subjects. Mucosal biopsies from patients with(More)
To assess the scale of the possible exposure by the breast-fed infant to potentially harmful substances in breast milk, methodologically robust studies are essential. Many studies in this field, however, do not report details of crucial issues such as recruitment and milk sampling. The aims of the study reported here were to develop robust methods for the(More)