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Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the Life Orientation Test (LOT) consisted of separate Optimism and Pessimism factors among middle-aged and older adults. Although the two factors were significantly negatively correlated among individuals facing a profound life challenge (i.e., caregiving), they were only weakly correlated among noncaregivers.(More)
Cognitive-behavioral models of chronic pain hypothesize that how a person copes with pain influences how well he or she adjusts to the pain. Several measures have been developed to assess pain coping, but no studies have yet examined whether these measures are complementary or redundant. In the current study, two pain coping measures (the Chronic Pain(More)
Confirmatory factor analysis of Wallston's Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale and Krantz's Health Opinion Survey was conducted using 197 nondiabetic and 171 diabetic older adults. Qualified support was found for the 3-factor structure of the Wallston measure when applied to older adults. The Krantz model provided a less-than-adequate(More)
INTRODUCTION We examined correlates of perceived stress among women with physical disabilities to identify variables that may be amenable to change through psychosocial interventions. METHOD The method for this investigation involved a correlational analysis of data gathered from 415 women living with physical disabilities on abuse and other health(More)
Respiratory infections are the leading cause of morbidity in community populations. We developed a structured interview based on the Health Review (Roseet al., Psychosom. Med. 40: 142–165, 1978) to provide a simple method for periodic assessment of infectious illness, particularly upper respiratory infections. Congruence between interview data and physician(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the everyday life experiences of persons who have spasticity associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Applied ethnographic design. SETTING Patients' homes and rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four people with SCI who experience spasticity. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Domains(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine prevalence and predictors of secondary conditions in women with physical disabilities. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Women were recruited through private and public health clinics and various community organizations. PARTICIPANTS A sample of 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities. INTERVENTIONS Not(More)
Persons with a nontraumatic lower-limb amputation are at high risk of losing their contralateral limb in the years postamputation. In this study, veterans with a unilateral lower-limb amputation participated in a survey about health beliefs and health practices known to affect risk of amputation (foot care and smoking). Most participants reported good(More)
Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) may experience a range of symptoms typically labeled "spasticity." Previous efforts to develop assessment tools that measure spasticity have failed to represent the experiences of persons who live with the condition. The purpose of this multicenter study was to develop an instrument that measures the impact of(More)
We undertook a telephone survey to examine perceived stress among 165 veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI) who received care from a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Measures included Perceived Stress Scale, Hassles Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Short-Form State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Satisfaction with Life(More)