Susan Robinson-Whelen

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Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the Life Orientation Test (LOT) consisted of separate Optimism and Pessimism factors among middle-aged and older adults. Although the two factors were significantly negatively correlated among individuals facing a profound life challenge (i.e., caregiving), they were only weakly correlated among noncaregivers.(More)
Cognitive-behavioral models of chronic pain hypothesize that how a person copes with pain influences how well he or she adjusts to the pain. Several measures have been developed to assess pain coping, but no studies have yet examined whether these measures are complementary or redundant. In the current study, two pain coping measures (the Chronic Pain(More)
Data from a longitudinal study were used to examine what happens to caregivers in the years after their cognitively impaired spouse dies. Comparisons of 42 current caregivers, 49 former caregivers, and 52 noncaregivers over a 4-year period showed that former caregivers did not improve on several measures of psychological well-being. Although former(More)
Confirmatory factor analysis of Wallston's Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale and Krantz's Health Opinion Survey was conducted using 197 nondiabetic and 171 diabetic older adults. Qualified support was found for the 3-factor structure of the Wallston measure when applied to older adults. The Krantz model provided a less-than-adequate(More)
Respiratory infections are the leading cause of morbidity in community populations. We developed a structured interview based on the Health Review (Roseet al., Psychosom. Med. 40: 142–165, 1978) to provide a simple method for periodic assessment of infectious illness, particularly upper respiratory infections. Congruence between interview data and physician(More)
INTRODUCTION We examined correlates of perceived stress among women with physical disabilities to identify variables that may be amenable to change through psychosocial interventions. METHOD The method for this investigation involved a correlational analysis of data gathered from 415 women living with physical disabilities on abuse and other health(More)
Three hundred and five women with diverse disabilities completed an anonymous audio computer-assisted self-interview designed to increase women's awareness of abuse. Data were also collected regarding abuse experienced in the past year and the risk characteristics of their perpetrators. Overall, 68% reported some type of abuse. Preliminary evidence for the(More)
BACKGROUND Audio computer-assisted self-interviews (ACASIs) have safely and effectively obtained sensitive research data from the general public and have been recommended for use with people with disabilities. However, few studies have used ACASIs with people with disabilities and ACASIs have not been used to investigate the relationship between disability,(More)
INTRODUCTION We examined predictors of 2 important health behaviors, namely, physical activity and nutritional behaviors, in a sample of community-living women with physical disabilities (N = 386). METHOD We conducted a cross-sectional survey with regression analysis. RESULTS Our regression model accounted for 33.5% of the variance in physical activity.(More)
An anonymous audio computer-assisted self-interview (A-CASI) designed to increase awareness of abuse was completed by 305 women with diverse disabilities. Data were also collected about lifetime and past year abuse; perpetrator risk characteristics; facilitators and barriers to disclosing abuse; abuse disclosure to a health provider, case manager, or police(More)