Susan Reinwald

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The philosopher William of Ockham is recognized for the maxim that an assumption introduced to explain a phenomenon must not be multiplied beyond necessity, or that the simplest explanation is probably the correct explanation. The general truth is that conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are nutrients. However, the demonstration that these isomers of(More)
Numerous publications and research studies on isoflavones have prompted a nationwide increase in the consumption of soy-based foods and supplements in the United States. Isoflavones are natural endocrine active compounds generally considered to promote health and prevent or slow the onset of certain chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The beneficial(More)
(n-3) PUFA deficiency and repletion effects on bone mechanical properties have not been examined. The primary research aim was to evaluate whether changes in the fatty acid composition of bone tissue compartments previously reported to influence bone formation rates would affect bone modeling and mechanical properties. In this investigation, three groups of(More)
Soy has been singled out for attention among other legumes as a valuable source of nutrients, phytochemicals, and bioactive compounds. Early epidemiological studies established that whole soy and traditional soy foods were implicated in health-protective effects in Asian populations. The same benefits attributable to soy have not been consistently proven in(More)
Soybeans are a good source of bone-healthy nutrients. Epidemiological studies in Asia evaluating diets containing traditional whole soy foods show a positive association with bone mineral density and fracture protection. Smaller scale intervention studies in Western nations mainly feature isolated soy protein (SP) and purified or concentrated soy(More)
Ovariectomy (OVX) in female rats precipitates a marked reduction in endogenous estrogen concentrations and induces bone remodeling abnormalities that augment bone loss and increase the risk of developing osteopenia. This research examined the combined effects of two levels of soy isoflavones (IFs), trace (-IF) and high (+IF) (0.03 and 3.43 mg/g protein,(More)
There has been considerable investigation into the health benefits of calcium citrate malate (CCM) since it was first patented in the late 1980s. This chapter is a comprehensive summary of the supporting science and available evidence on the bioavailability and health benefits of consuming CCM. It highlights the important roles that CCM can play during(More)
This experiment was designed to assess the capacity of dietary genistein (GEN), to attenuate bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) and ovary-intact VCD-treated mice. Pretreatment of mice with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) gradually and selectively destroys ovarian follicles whilst leaving ovarian androgen-producing cells largely intact. VCD induces a(More)
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