Susan R Wild

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This paper presents the first attempt to quantify the production, cycling, storage and loss of PAHs in the UK environment. Over 53 000 tonnes of sigmaPAHs (sum of 12 individual compounds) are estimated to reside in the contemporary UK environment, with soil being the major repository. If soils at contaminated sites are included, this estimate increases(More)
This paper presents a review and assessment of the pathways and transfers of organic contaminants applied to agricultural soils in sewage sludge. The purpose of the assessment has been to develop a simple screening approach to highlight different chemical fates of organic chemicals in soil and their potential transfers from soil to groundwaters, crop plants(More)
This study reports on the polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of crop plants grown at three different field experiments where controlled additions of sewage sludge were made a number of years ago. Archived samples of several crops have been analysed from sludge-amended and unsludged control plots for 15 PAH compounds. Root crops and above ground(More)
In 1968, five metal enriched sewage sludges containing different concentrations of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were applied to different plots on field soils at two experimental sites, Luddington and Lee Valley, in the UK. This resulted in substantial increases in the total PAH soil concentrations in all plots. Since application, losses have(More)
This paper estimates the present UK environmental loading of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Of the estimated approximately 40,000 t SigmaPCB sold in the UK since 1954, only an estimated 1% (400 t) are now present in the UK environment. Comparisons of estimated production and current environmental loadings of congeners 28, 52, 101, 138, 153 and 180(More)
Lung surfactant is the surface-active agent comprised of phospholipids and proteins that lines pulmonary alveoli. Surfactant stabilizes the alveolar volume by reducing surface tension. Previously, we identified a lysosomal phospholipase A2, termed LPLA2, with specificity toward phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. The phospholipase is localized(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) are organic chemicals of suspected extreme toxicity. PCDD/Fs are ubiquitous in the environment and relatively enriched in sewage sludges. The deliberate application of sewage sludge to agricultural land can therefore potentially increase exposure of the human population to these compounds via transfers(More)
We have developed a series of inhibitors of glucosylceramide synthase that are structurally based on the parent compound D-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PDMP). These inhibitors provide useful tools for manipulating glycosphingolipid levels in cells and for elucidating questions associated with sphingolipid signaling. Recently, two(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) activity that results in the widespread accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids. Renal failure, neuropathy, premature myocardial infarction, and stroke occur in patients with this condition primarily due to deposition of glycosphingolipids in vascular(More)