Susan R. Shelnutt

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Hexavalent chromium causes two types of dermatological toxicities: allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and skin ulcers. This report reviews the etiology, prevalence, pathology, dose-response, and prognosis of both of these reactions. Reports in the literature indicate that repeated exposure to hexavalent chromium in concentrations of 4-25 ppm can both induce(More)
  • S R Shelnutt, M Gunnell, S M Owens
  • The Journal of pharmacology and experimental…
  • 1999
Studies were conducted to determine the differences in phencyclidine (PCP) in vitro metabolism and pharmacokinetics in female and male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Formation rates of five major PCP metabolites in liver microsomes were significantly higher (p <.05) in males compared with females in three different rat strains (SD, Fischer 344, and Dark Agouti).(More)
BACKGROUND The soy isoflavones genistein and daidzein are found in blood and tissues as aglycones, glucuronides, and sulfates. Isoflavone conjugates may serve as sources of aglycones at specific target tissues and may have bioactivity. Yet, very little is known about the plasma pharmacokinetics of isoflavone conjugates after soy ingestion. OBJECTIVE The(More)
A study was conducted to determine the protective effects of two common dietary proteins, soy protein isolate (soy) and bovine whey, against chemically induced mammary tumors in female Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were fed AIN-93G diets having casein, soy, or whey as the sole protein source. Rats within the same dietary groups were mated to obtain the F1 and(More)
The effects of cocaine and benzoylecognine ethyl ester (ethylcocaine), its metabolite found only in simultaneous users of cocaine and ethanol, were studied in rats responding for food under a multiple fixed-ratio fixed-interval schedule of food presentation. Both cocaine and ethylcocaine increased rates of responding under the fixed-interval component and(More)
Nutritional status is a primary factor in the effects of xenobiotics and may be an important consideration in development of safety standards and assessment of risk. One important xenobiotic consumed daily by millions of people worldwide is alcohol. Some adverse effects of ethanol, such as alcohol liver disease, have been linked to diet. For example,(More)
Consumption of soybean-rich diets is thought to provide significant health benefits such as prevention of cancer, primarily because of the high contents of factors such as the isoflavones genistein and daidzein. Isoflavones circulate and are excreted into the urine mainly as glucuronide and sulfate conjugates. This study was conducted to determine the(More)
These studies were conducted to determine the effect of hormones on sex-related differences in phencyclidine (PCP) metabolite irreversible binding and to determine the cytochrome P450 isoform(s) involved in this process. Sprague-Dawley male rats were castrated or administered estradiol and Sprague-Dawley female rats were ovarectomized or ovarectomized and(More)
Most methods for detecting isoflavones in biological samples do not measure the concentration of sulfate conjugates. An LC-MS method is reported here to estimate urinary concentrations of genistein and daidzein, their sulfate and glucuronide conjugates and other major metabolites. Human and rat urine samples were extracted with diethyl ether, or(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins used in many commercial products including coatings and liners of food containers. Low levels of BPA can be detected in over 90% of human urine samples in the US, indicating that exposure to BPA is widespread. In 2008, the US National Toxicology Program's Center for the Evaluation(More)