Susan R. Phelps

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Interleukin-7 (IL-7) acts primarily on T cells to promote their differentiation, survival, and homeostasis. Under disease conditions, IL-7 mediates inflammation through several mechanisms and cell types. In humans, IL-7 and its receptor (IL-7R) are increased in diseases characterized by inflammation such as atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis,(More)
Alterations in genes encoding transforming growth factor-beta-signaling components contribute to colon cancer in humans. Similarly, mice deficient in the transforming growth factor-beta signaling molecule, Smad3, develop colon cancer, but only after a bacterial trigger occurs, resulting in chronic inflammation. To determine whether Smad3-null lymphocytes(More)
Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a congenital hypoproliferative macrocytic anemia and 5q- syndrome myelodysplastic syndrome is an acquired hypoproliferative macrocytic anemia. Their common erythroid phenotype reflects a shared pathophysiology-haploinsufficiency of one of many ribosomal proteins and somatic deletion of one allele of the ribosomal protein S14 gene,(More)
Erythropoiesis requires rapid and extensive hemoglobin production. Heme activates globin transcription and translation; therefore, heme synthesis must precede globin synthesis. As free heme is a potent inducer of oxidative damage, its levels within cellular compartments require stringent regulation. Mice lacking the heme exporter FLVCR1 have a severe(More)
All aerobic cells and organisms must synthesize heme from the amino acid glycine and the tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate succinyl CoA for incorporation into hemoproteins, such as the cytochromes needed for oxidative phosphorylation. Most studies on heme regulation have been done in erythroid cells or hepatocytes; however, much less is known about heme(More)
Murine norovirus (MNV) is prevalent in rodent facilities in the United States. Because MNV has a tropism for macrophages and dendritic cells, we hypothesized that it may alter phenotypes of murine models of inflammatory diseases, such as obesity and atherosclerosis. We examined whether MNV infection influences phenotypes associated with diet-induced(More)
Although the importance of native bone marrow and spleen macrophages in enhancing baseline and stress erythropoiesis has been emphasized over several decades, their kinetic and phenotypic changes during a variety of stress responses have been unclear. Furthermore, whether monocyte-derived recruited macrophages can functionally substitute for inadequate or(More)
Transplantation of small cord blood (CB) units, or of autologous ex vivo-genetically modified adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), face the common challenge of suboptimal HSC doses for infusion and impaired engraftment of the transplanted cells. Ex vivo expansion of HSCs, using either cell-based coculture approaches or especially small molecules have been(More)
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