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OBJECTIVES In this study, we test the effectiveness of involving parents in school-based AIDS education with respect to altering AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, behavioral intentions, communications patterns, and behavior of students. METHODS Fifteen high risk school districts (pre-test N = 2,392) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions:(More)
This project assessed the impact of a school-based AIDS prevention program on student participation in sexual risk and protective behaviors such as use of condoms and use of condoms with foam and intention to participate in such behaviors. The paper focuses on students who became sexually active for the first time between the seventh and eighth grade(More)
Although an often desired goal, true partnership between community members and university researchers can be difficult to achieve. Strategies implemented in a diabetes prevention and control program in a Latino community may be effective in overcoming hurdles to collaborative research. The development of selection criteria can be useful for objectively(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine tooth-brushing frequency in 575 urban and nearby suburban African American children as part of a comprehensive risk-reduction study for students at high risk for violence, drugs, school delinquency, and unsafe sexual behaviors to determine which covariates predicted tooth-brushing frequency. METHODS(More)
The problem of poor patient adherence has been extensively researched, but the rates of nonadherence have not changed much in the past 3 decades. Healthcare providers play a unique and important role in assisting patients' healthy behavior changes. We conducted a narrative review of the current literature to help providers become more familiar with proven(More)
African Americans and Latinos share higher rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes compared with Whites. These diseases have common risk factors that are amenable to primary and secondary prevention. The goal of the Chicago REACH 2010-Lawndale Health Promotion Project is to eliminate disparities related to CVD and diabetes experienced by African(More)
In the current study, two mediational mechanisms, parenting practices and children's beliefs about aggression, were hypothesized to account for the relationship between perceived neighborhood danger and childhood aggression. Using structural equation modeling, data were analyzed from an inner-city school-based sample of 732 predominantly African American(More)
This study examines attitudes toward people with AIDS (PWAs) of a group of 853 7th, 8th, and 9th graders living in high-risk communities in the suburbs of a large Midwestern city. Females appear to be more tolerant than males, and whites appear to be more tolerant than other racial/ethnic groups with respect to attitudes toward PWAs. Although knowledge(More)
This paper explores differences in adolescents' attitudes, beliefs, and resistance skills regarding sexual behaviors and use of substances in the context of AIDS prevention. A total of 553 7th and 8th grade students completed a self-administered questionnaire as baseline data collection for a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention project. Students'(More)
As part of an evaluation of an experimental school-based AIDS risk-reduction program, data from 2,392 middle-school students in 15 high-risk school districts and from 1,627 of their parents were compared to examine how young adolescents and their parents differ with respect to AIDs-related knowledge and attitudes. At the time of the seventh-grade pretest,(More)