Susan Plaeger-Marshall

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Testing of cytotoxic function using a panel of natural killer (NK)-sensitive target cells, including a unique herpes simplex virus-infected Raji-cell target, was performed in conjunction with phenotypic cell analysis by dual-color flow cytometry to characterize the NK system. Subjects included in the study were at risk for or infected with the etiologic(More)
The bare lymphocyte syndrome is a rare combined immunodeficiency disorder associated with the absence of class I and/or class II major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens. Although it has been inferred that the immune deficiency is a consequence of disordered MHC-restricted interactions among otherwise normal cells, the biological capabilities and(More)
Class II antigens encoded by genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are expressed by a variety of cell types and have a vital role in the cellular interactions required for an effective immune response. We have analyzed the regulation of HLA-DR, DP, and DQ class II antigen expression on cells of different lineage from an immunodeficient patient(More)
Exposure of rabbit alveolar and peritoneal macrophages to infectious herpes simplex virus resulted in inhibition of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and either enhancement or inhibition of phagocytosis. At all times after exposure, virus was inhibitory to peritoneal macrophage phagocytosis. Alveolar macrophages showed enhanced phagocytic activity in(More)
Immunologic function as measured by lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) mitogen was evaluated in 8 psychiatric inpatients. All were less than 45 years of age and had a DSM-III diagnosis of major depression. When patient's immunologic responses were compared with healthy age- and sex-matched controls, a significant increase in PHA mitogen(More)
We examined the T-lymphocyte phenotypes of 67 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children (P-1 or P-2) and 65 age-matched, healthy, control children stratified into four groups from < 1 to > or = 5 years of age to determine expression of antigens associated with cell activation/differentiation. Immunophenotyping was performed by laser flow(More)
Infection with human T-cell leukemia virus type II (HTLV-II) has been associated with rare chronic T-cell malignancies and has recently been demonstrated in a significant proportion of American intravenous drug abusers (IVDA). Identification of an HTLV-II-infected cohort of IVDA has allowed analysis of the HTLV-II carrier state. We analyzed clinical,(More)
Immune activation is an important component of HIV disease in adults that may reflect a protective host response and/or be a component of immunopathogenesis. The goals of this study were to gain understanding of T cell activation in pediatric HIV disease, to assess the usefulness of T cell activation markers as surrogates for disease progression and/or(More)
We studied cytotoxic capabilities of newborn polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and monocytes and their enhancement by cytokines and antibodies. Umbilical cord PMNs were assessed for their ability to kill various target cells spontaneously, after activation with phorbol myristate acetate, in the presence of antiserum (antibody-dependent cellular(More)
The relationship between viral burden, timing of transmission, and clinical progression was investigated in 110 children at risk for vertical human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, coculture, and immune complex-dissociated p24 antigen assay. In a cross-sectional study, the mean HIV DNA copy number in 19(More)