Susan P Lees-Miller

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Human DNA-PK is a nuclear, serine/threonine protein kinase that, when activated by DNA, phosphorylates several DNA-binding substrates, including the tumor suppressor protein p53. To identify which p53 residues are phosphorylated, we examined DNA-PK's ability to phosphorylate synthetic peptides corresponding to human p53 sequences. Serines 15 and 37 in the(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) plays a key role in regulating the cellular response to ionizing radiation. Activation of ATM results in phosphorylation of many downstream targets that modulate numerous damage response pathways, most notably cell cycle checkpoints. In this review, we describe recent developments in our understanding of the mechanism of(More)
The radiosensitive rodent mutant cell line xrs-5 is defective in DNA double-strand break repair and lacks the Ku component of the DNA-activated protein kinase, DNA-PK. Here radiosensitive human cell lines were analyzed for DNA-PK activity and for the presence of related proteins. The radiosensitive human malignant glioma M059J cell line was found to be(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection causes the active degradation of the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs), and this process is reliant on the expression of the HSV-1 immediate-early protein Vmw110. In this study we investigated in more detail the mechanism by which the degradation occurs, the domains of Vmw110 which are(More)
DNA double strand break (DSB) repair by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is initiated by DSB detection by Ku70/80 (Ku) and DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) recruitment, which promotes pathway progression through poorly defined mechanisms. Here, Ku and DNA-PKcs solution structures alone and in complex with DNA, defined by x-ray(More)
The Artemis nuclease is defective in radiosensitive severe combined immunodeficiency patients and is required for the repair of a subset of ionising radiation induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in an ATM and DNA-PK dependent process. Here, we show that Artemis phosphorylation by ATM and DNA-PK in vitro is primarily attributable to S503, S516 and S645(More)
Repair and integrity of DNA ends at breaks, replication forks and telomeres are essential for life; yet, paradoxically, these responses are, in many cases, controlled by a single protein complex, Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 (MRN). The MRN complex consists of dimers of each subunit and this heterohexamer controls key sensing, signaling, regulation, and effector(More)
Ionizing radiation induces autophosphorylation of the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein kinase on serine 1981; however, the precise mechanisms that regulate ATM activation are not fully understood. Here, we show that the protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid (OA) induces autophosphorylation of ATM on serine 1981 in unirradiated cells at(More)
The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is central to the process of nonhomologous end joining because it recognizes and then binds double strand breaks initiating repair. It has long been appreciated that DNA-PK protects DNA ends to promote end joining. Here we review recent work from our laboratories and others demonstrating that DNA-PK can regulate end(More)
HeLa cells contain a serine/threonine protein kinase (DNA-PK) that is strongly activated in vitro by low concentrations of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Activation was specific for dsDNA; both natural DNAs and synthetic oligonucleotides functioned as kinase activators. The fact that DNA-PK activity was rapidly inhibited by incubation with dsDNA and ATP(More)