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The global proteome of sperm and seminal plasma of fertile stallions was investigated to determine whether associations with relative in vivo fertility exist. Seven stallions at stud in a commercial breeding station were collected throughout the breeding season and bred to a total of 164 mares to determine conception rates. On three occasions during the(More)
This study explored the possibility of sex-specific effects on embryonic survival in primiparous sows subjected to restricted feed intake during the last week of lactation and bred after weaning (Restrict; n = 16), compared with control sows fed close to ad libitum feed intakes (Control; n = 17). Restrict sows were in a substantial negative net energy(More)
The ImmunoCard STAT! Cryptosporidium/Giardia rapid assay (Meridian Bioscience, Inc.) is a solid-phase qualitative immunochromatographic assay that detects and distinguishes between Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum in aqueous extracts of human fecal specimens (fresh, frozen, unfixed, or fixed in 5 or 10% formalin or sodium acetate-acetic(More)
This study investigated whether specific proteins from distinct seminal plasma fractions of boars could be related to in vivo fertility. Nine boars with acceptable sperm motility and morphology for use in artificial insemination demonstrated major differences in total number born and pregnancy rate when low sperm doses (1.5 billion sperm) were used to breed(More)
This study aimed to describe the abundance and localization of BMP2, BMP6, BMP15, GDF9, BMPR1A, BMPR1B, BMPR2 and TGFBR1 mRNA during pig preovulatory follicular development and to evaluate their implication in improving follicular maturity in the preovulatory period preceding the second versus first post-weaning oestrus. Oocytes, granulosa (GC) and theca(More)
The objectives of the present study were 1) to study potential effects of previous nutritional treatment on developmental competence of early fertilized oocytes in vitro; 2) to study responses to insulin treatment during the period of feed restriction in the late luteal phase which has deleterious effects on subsequent fertility; and 3) to establish the(More)
Cloning of mammalian oocytes requires that the recipient oocyte is enucleated to remove all genetic material associated with the chromosomes. The procedure currently used in most species requires careful micromanipulation of oocytes treated with cytochalasin B to prevent structural damage. Although functional, this procedure requires time and limits the(More)
The main purpose of this review is to discuss associations between within-litter variation in birth weight, and preweaning survival and postnatal growth in the pig, as the basis for suggesting that the developmental competence of pigs born, as well as the size of the litter, need critical consideration. Extremes of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)(More)
The objective of this study was to determine time of ovulation, monitored by transcutaneous ultrasonography, relative to the duration of estrus in gilts. We exposed 92 cyclic gilts, Camborough x Canabrid terminal line, at Day 19 of their third estrous cycle to vasectomized boars every 6 h for the detection estrus. Transcutaneous ultrasonography was(More)
Implantation in pigs is noninvasive and characterized by interdigitation of embryonic and endometrial epithelial cell processes. However, when pig embryos are transferred to ectopic sites, trophoblast becomes invasive. The objective of this study was to evaluate expression of proteinases and proteinase inhibitors in pig embryos and uteri at the time of(More)