Susan Nieschlag

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The biological effects of the testes and testosterone are known since antiquity. Aristotle knew the effects of castration and his hypothesis on fertilization is one of the first scientific encounters in reproductive biology. Over centuries, castration has been performed as punishment and to produce obedient slaves, but also to preserve the soprano voices of(More)
Earlier we found that longevity of castrati was identical to that of intact singers. These findings were in disagreement with the prevailing concept that testosterone might shorten life and might be responsible for the shorter life expectancy of men compared to women. We have now continued our research into the life expectancy of singers, considering them(More)
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