Learn More
CONTEXT Mothers are in an important position to prevent obesity in their children by shaping early diet and activity patterns. However, many mothers of overweight preschool children are not worried about their child's weight. OBJECTIVE To explore mothers' perceptions about how they determine when a child is overweight, why children become overweight, and(More)
BACKGROUND Spirituality and religion are often central issues for patients dealing with chronic illness. The purpose of this study is to characterize spirituality/religion in a large and diverse sample of patients with HIV/AIDS by using several measures of spirituality/religion, to examine associations between spirituality/religion and a number of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection report a reduction in health status, but it is not known how they value their state of health. We assessed health utilities directly from patients with HCV infection. METHODS One hundred twenty-four patients with chronic HCV infection representing a cross section of disease severity were(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess health values of patients coinfected with HIV/hepatitis C (HCV) and compare them with those of patients singly infected with HIV or HCV and to characterize and assess the relationship of clinical and nonhealth-related factors with health values. SUBJECTS We studied a total of 203 subjects infected with HIV, HCV, or both. (More)
BACKGROUND Patients infected with HIV value both longevity and health. OBJECTIVE To understand how HIV-infected patients value their health. DESIGN Interview study. SETTING Regional treatment center for HIV. PATIENTS 51 patients with HIV infection. MEASUREMENTS Life-satisfaction, health rating, time-tradeoff, and standard-gamble scores. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobehavioral conditions of childhood and adolescence. Despite availability of effective treatment options, initiation of treatment is variable and persistence with therapeutic regimens is poor. OBJECTIVE We sought to better understand how parents make decisions about(More)
OBJECTIVE Up to 90% of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remain functionally impaired, yet less than half continue to take medication. The objective of this study was to gain a detailed understanding of how adolescents with ADHD contribute to medication treatment decisions. METHODS Forty-four adolescents with ADHD aged 13 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that low-income African-American preschool children would have a higher BMI if their mothers reported greater "restriction" and "control" in feeding and if mothers reported that children showed greater "food responsiveness" and "desire to drink." In addition, to test whether higher maternal "pressure to eat" would be(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has become a common nutritional concern among low-income, preschool children, a primary target population of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Nutrition counseling efforts in WIC target childhood obesity, but new approaches are needed that address the different perceptions about obesity(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Having a serious illness such as HIV/AIDS raises existential issues, which are potentially manifested as changes in religiousness and spirituality. The objective of this study was (1) to describe changes in religiousness and spirituality of people with HIV/AIDS, and (2) to determine if these changes differed by sex and race. METHODS(More)