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CONTEXT Mothers are in an important position to prevent obesity in their children by shaping early diet and activity patterns. However, many mothers of overweight preschool children are not worried about their child's weight. OBJECTIVE To explore mothers' perceptions about how they determine when a child is overweight, why children become overweight, and(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess health values of patients coinfected with HIV/hepatitis C (HCV) and compare them with those of patients singly infected with HIV or HCV and to characterize and assess the relationship of clinical and nonhealth-related factors with health values. SUBJECTS We studied a total of 203 subjects infected with HIV, HCV, or both. (More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection report a reduction in health status, but it is not known how they value their state of health. We assessed health utilities directly from patients with HCV infection. METHODS One hundred twenty-four patients with chronic HCV infection representing a cross section of disease severity were(More)
BACKGROUND Spirituality and religion are often central issues for patients dealing with chronic illness. The purpose of this study is to characterize spirituality/religion in a large and diverse sample of patients with HIV/AIDS by using several measures of spirituality/religion, to examine associations between spirituality/religion and a number of(More)
Although COPD is a common disorder of veterans who receive care from the Veterans Healthcare Administration (VHA), the perceptions of veterans with COPD about their disease, its effects on their lives, and their interactions with the VHA have not been determined. Utilizing qualitative methodology, we conducted focus groups of veterans with COPD at the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that low-income African-American preschool children would have a higher BMI if their mothers reported greater "restriction" and "control" in feeding and if mothers reported that children showed greater "food responsiveness" and "desire to drink." In addition, to test whether higher maternal "pressure to eat" would be(More)
BACKGROUND Patients infected with HIV value both longevity and health. OBJECTIVE To understand how HIV-infected patients value their health. DESIGN Interview study. SETTING Regional treatment center for HIV. PATIENTS 51 patients with HIV infection. MEASUREMENTS Life-satisfaction, health rating, time-tradeoff, and standard-gamble scores. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE Up to 90% of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remain functionally impaired, yet less than half continue to take medication. The objective of this study was to gain a detailed understanding of how adolescents with ADHD contribute to medication treatment decisions. METHODS Forty-four adolescents with ADHD aged 13 to(More)
PURPOSE To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between patients receiving care in Veterans Administration (VA) settings (veterans) and non-VA settings (nonveterans), and to explore determinants of HRQoL and change in HRQoL over time in subjects living with HIV/AIDS. SUBJECTS One hundred veterans and 350 nonveterans with HIV/AIDS from 2 VA and 2(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has become a common nutritional concern among low-income, preschool children, a primary target population of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Nutrition counseling efforts in WIC target childhood obesity, but new approaches are needed that address the different perceptions about obesity(More)