Susan N. Perkins

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Calorie restriction (CR) is arguably the most potent, broadly acting dietary regimen for suppressing the carcinogenesis process, and many of the key studies in this field have been published in Carcinogenesis. Translation of the knowledge gained from CR research in animal models to cancer prevention strategies in humans is urgently needed given the(More)
Increased visceral adipose tissue results in elevated plasma leptin, which are associated with increased risk of a number of obesity-related cancers. However, research is contradictory regarding the role of elevated plasma leptin in colon cancer risk. Having established that leptin induced proliferation in a murine model of preneoplastic (Apc(Min/+); IMCE)(More)
The obese state is associated with elevated circulating levels of insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGF), and leptin. Research is contradictory regarding the role of these elevated growth factors in colon cancer risk. We hypothesized that colonic epithelial cells that were Apc deficient (ApcMin/+) but not those expressing wild-type Apc (Apc+/+) would(More)
The prevalence of obesity, an established epidemiological risk factor for many cancers, has risen steadily for the past several decades in the US and many other countries. Particularly alarming are the increasing rates of obesity among children, portending continuing increases in the rates of obesity and obesity-related cancers for many years to come.(More)
Resveratrol is a phytochemical that has been under consideration for use as a prostate cancer chemopreventive agent. However, the efficacy, as well as the mechanisms of action of resveratrol on prostate cancer prevention, remains largely unknown. This study seeks to address these questions and examine the cancer preventive effects of resveratrol using(More)
Risk of pancreatic cancer, the fourth deadliest cancer in the United States, is increased by obesity. Calorie restriction (CR) prevents obesity, suppresses carcinogenesis in many models, and reduces serum levels of IGF-1. In the present study, we examined the impact of CR on a model of inflammation-associated pancreatitis and pancreatic dysplasia, with a(More)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among US women; there is therefore great interest in developing preventive and treatment strategies for this disease. Because breast cancer incidence is much lower in countries where women consume high levels of soy, bioactive compounds in this food source have been studied for their effects on breast(More)
Transgenic mice with both alleles of the p53 tumor suppressor gene (frequently mutated in human tumors) knocked out by gene targeting provide a potentially useful tumorigenesis model because these mice rapidly develop spontaneous tumors. To determine whether tumorigenesis in p53-knockout mice is sensitive to experimental manipulation, tumor development in(More)
The prevalence of obesity, an established epidemiologic risk factor for many chronic diseases including cancer, has been steadily increasing in the US over several decades. The mechanisms used to regulate energy balance and adiposity and the relationship of these factors to cancer are not completely understood. Here we have used knockout mice to examine the(More)
The imbalance in systemic mediators of inflammation, such as leptin, is thought to be involved in obesity-associated cancers. In addition, systemic endocrine signals can influence the local autocrine/paracrine factors produced within this microenvironment to influence epithelial cell fate. We previously demonstrated that leptin preferentially promotes the(More)