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Calorie restriction (CR) is arguably the most potent, broadly acting dietary regimen for suppressing the carcinogenesis process, and many of the key studies in this field have been published in Carcinogenesis. Translation of the knowledge gained from CR research in animal models to cancer prevention strategies in humans is urgently needed given the(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) is the most effective and reproducible intervention for increasing lifespan in a variety of animal species, including mammals. CR is also the most potent, broadly acting cancer-prevention regimen in experimental carcinogenesis models. Translation of the knowledge gained from CR research to human chronic disease prevention and the(More)
We evaluated the effects of diet on intestinal tumorigenesis in male Apc(Min) mice by comparing AIN-76A diet fed ad libitum (CON); calorie intake restricted by 40% of the CON (CR); diet high in olive oil and supplemented with freeze-dried fruit and vegetable extracts (OFV); and diet high in total fat (HF). Compared with CON, the frequency of intestinal(More)
Obesity increases incidence and mortality of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Mechanisms underlying this association are poorly understood. Suitable animal models are needed to elucidate potential mechanisms for this association. To determine the effects of obesity on mammary tumor growth, nonovariectomized and ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice of various(More)
Increased visceral adipose tissue results in elevated plasma leptin, which are associated with increased risk of a number of obesity-related cancers. However, research is contradictory regarding the role of elevated plasma leptin in colon cancer risk. Having established that leptin induced proliferation in a murine model of preneoplastic (Apc(Min/+); IMCE)(More)
Calorie restriction has been shown to inhibit epithelial carcinogenesis and this method of dietary restriction reduces many circulating proteins, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Previously, we identified a relationship between elevated tissue IGF-I levels and enhanced susceptibility to chemically induced skin tumorigenesis. In this study,(More)
We reported previously that calorie restriction (CR) delays spontaneous carcinogenesis in p53-deficient (p53-/-) mice, suggesting that CR modulates carcinogenesis by p53-independent mechanisms. To further evaluate the role of p53, we monitored tumor development in p53-/- and wild-type (p53+/+) mice fed ad libitum (AL) or a CR regimen (60% of AL calorie(More)
We tested the hypothesis that obesity reversal by calorie restriction (CR) versus treadmill exercise (EX) differentially modulates adipose gene expression using 48 female C57BL/6 mice administered a diet-induced obesity (DIO) regimen for 8 weeks, then randomized to receive for 8 weeks either: (1) a control (AIN-76A) diet, fed ad libitum (DIO control); (2) a(More)
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a candidate anticancer compound found in certain cruciferous vegetables. In our tumor cell xenograft model, dietary administration of PEITC (100-150 mg/kg body weight/d) inhibited androgen-responsive LNCaP human prostate cancer cell tumor growth. We found that dietary treatment(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of the antiestrogen tamoxifen and the aromatase inhibitor letrozole on tumor growth, serum hormones, uterine weight, body composition, and bone characteristics in mice. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Human estrogen-dependent breast cancer cells stably transfected with the aromatase gene(More)