Susan Menzel

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74 persons of Northern European origin with recent primary exposure to Leishmania tropica in Saudi Arabia were examined for their antibody responses to leishmaniae with the fluorescent antibody test (FAT), the complement fixation reaction. (CFR), and the indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The FAT detected antibodies to L. donovani in 19 of the 41(More)
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major immuno-dominant antigen of all Legionella species including L. pneumophila. Its diversity is the basis for the classification of L. pneumophila into serogroups and monoclonal subgroups and is thought to be involved in strain specific virulence. The understanding of the genetic basis of the LPS-antigen is incomplete.(More)
The rise in the incidence of dapsone-resistant leprosy requires new therapeutic approaches. Based on the recommendations of the WHO and the experiences from many countries where leprosy is endemic, a standardized treatment regimen is presented. It is based on the combination of three chemotherapeutically active substances.
Glomus tumors (glomangiomata) are benign tumors arising from glomus cells. Multiple glomangiomata are less frequent and less painful than the solitary variant, which is usually located subungually. Nonetheless multiple glomangiomata--sometimes being sensitive to pressure and changes in temperature--may cause considerable discomfort. Treatment of multiple(More)
Six patients with granuloma faciale, including patients with multiple lesions, were treated successfully with cryosurgery. Granuloma faciale is known to be difficult to treat. Cryosurgery is an effective and minimally invasive therapy for this granulomatous inflammation of the skin. It should be considered as an alternative to dapsone.
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