Susan M Wishart

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We studied healthy men who underwent blood sampling for plasma nandrolone, testosterone and inhibin measurements before and for 32 days after a single i.m. injection of 100 mg of nandrolone ester in arachis oil. Twenty-three men were randomized into groups receiving nandrolone phenylpropionate (group 1, n = 7) or nandrolone decanoate (group 2, n = 6)(More)
Androgen therapy may precipitate obstructive sleep apnea in men. Despite increasing androgen use in older men, few studies have examined sleep and breathing. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies examining effects of testosterone simultaneously on sleep, breathing, and function in older men are not available. Seventeen community-dwelling(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to assess the hormonal determinants of insulin sensitivity and related components of the metabolic syndrome, we evaluated the effect of subcutaneous recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin (r-hCG; Ovidrel) on insulin sensitivity, vascular reactivity, leptin, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and lipids in ambulant, community dwelling(More)
BACKGROUND Sperm cryopreservation allows men with threatened fertility to preserve their progenitive potential, but there is little data on long-term outcomes of elective sperm cryostorage programmes. METHODS AND RESULTS Over 22 years, 930 men sought semen cryostorage in a single academic hospital, of which 833 (90%) had spermatozoa cryostored. Among 692(More)
OBJECTIVE The vascular effects of fluctuations in testosterone levels within the physiological range in otherwise healthy men are not known. We therefore aimed to study arterial function in hypogonadal men receiving long-term physiological androgen replacement therapy, at trough and peak testosterone levels. PATIENTS AND DESIGN We recruited nine(More)
Despite partial androgen deficiency, the safety and efficacy of androgen therapy in older men remains controversial because controlled studies of testosterone have given equivocal results. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can be conveniently and infrequently self-administered, and it increases not only circulating testosterone but also estradiol and other(More)
BACKGROUND Predictors of fertility or spermatogenesis during gonadotrophin therapy of gonadotrophin-deficient men remain poorly defined. METHODS AND RESULTS In order to evaluate potential predictors, this study evaluated 29 consecutive gonadotrophin-deficient men all desiring paternity who received 43 courses of therapy in one centre between 1982 and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine for the first time in humans, the efficacy of adding a low dose oestradiol to a suboptimally suppressive testosterone dose in a depot hormonal regimen to suppress spermatogenesis in healthy eugonadal men. Twenty-six healthy men were randomized into groups that were treated by a single subdermal implantation of either(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess prospectively the effects of low dose oestradiol on arterial endothelial and smooth muscle function in healthy men. Oestrogen use is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease in oestrogen-deficient women, however, the vascular effects of low-dose oestradiol in healthy men have not been investigated previously. PATIENTS AND DESIGN(More)
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