Susan M. Wall

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Pendrin is an anion exchanger expressed in type B intercalated cells of the cortical collecting duct (CCD). Whether pendrin localizes to other nephron segments with intercalated cells is unknown. Moreover, whether pendrin is expressed in proximal tubule is debated. Thus the distribution of pendrin mRNA and protein expression in mouse kidney was investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Pendred syndrome, a common autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by congenital deafness and goiter, is caused by mutations of SLC26A4, which codes for pendrin. We investigated the relationship between pendrin and deafness using mice that have (Slc26a4+/+) or lack a complete Slc26a4 gene (Slc26a4-/-). METHODS Expression of pendrin and other(More)
The H(+)/base transport processes that control the pH of the microenvironment adjacent to ameloblasts are not currently well-understood. Mice null for the AE2 anion exchanger have abnormal enamel. In addition, persons with mutations in the electrogenic sodium bicarbonate co-transporter NBCe1 and mice lacking NBCe1 have enamel abnormalities. These(More)
Regulation of sodium balance is a critical factor in the maintenance of euvolemia, and dysregulation of renal sodium excretion results in disorders of altered intravascular volume, such as hypertension. The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is thought to be the only mechanism for sodium transport in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) of(More)
Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in CFTR, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene. Disruption of CFTR-mediated anion conductance results in defective fluid and electrolyte movement in the epithelial cells of organs such as the pancreas, airways and sweat glands, but the function of CFTR in salivary glands is unclear. Salivary(More)
The extracellular superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) is highly expressed in both blood vessels and lungs. In different models of pulmonary injury, SOD3 is reduced; however, it is unclear whether this contributes to lung injury. To study the role of acute SOD3 reduction in lung injury, the SOD3 gene was deleted in adult mice by using the Cre-Lox technology. Acute(More)
Pendrin is an anion exchanger expressed along the apical plasma membrane and apical cytoplasmic vesicles of type B and of non-A, non-B intercalated cells of the distal convoluted tubule, connecting tubule, and cortical collecting duct. Thus, Pds (Slc26a4) is a candidate gene for the putative apical anion-exchange process of the type B intercalated cell.(More)
Renal intercalated cells mediate the secretion or absorption of Cl(-) and OH(-)/H(+) equivalents in the connecting segment (CNT) and cortical collecting duct (CCD). In so doing, they regulate acid-base balance, vascular volume, and blood pressure. Cl(-) absorption is either electrogenic and amiloride-sensitive or electroneutral and thiazide-sensitive.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review summarizes the contribution of the Cl-/HCO3- exchanger pendrin in the renal regulation of blood pressure. RECENT FINDINGS Intercalated cells are found in the distal convoluted tubule, the connecting tubule and the collecting duct. These cells regulate acid-base balance by secreting or absorbing OH-/H- equivalents and regulate(More)
Transcellular Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) transport is a vital function of secretory epithelia and exit across the luminal membrane is mediated by members of the SLC26 transporters in conjunction with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel. Typically, secretory epithelia express several SLC26 transporters in the same tissue; however, how(More)