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In many animals, sexual selection has resulted in complex signaling systems in which males advertise aspects of their phenotypic or genetic quality through elaborate ornamentation and display behaviors. Different ornaments might convey different information or be directed at different receivers, but they might also be redundant signals of quality that(More)
Thin mandibles and small incisors found in New World monkeys as compared with Old World monkeys suggest that there may be differences in craniofacial loading patterns between these two groups, particularly in levels of mandibular corpus twisting (Hylander, 1975, 1979a; Eaglen, 1984; Bouvier, 1986a,b). This study examined the hypothesis that changes in the(More)
One hundred seventy-one laparoscopic cholecystectomies were done by senior surgery residents who received only traditional "hands-on" training. Eight patients (5%) required conversion to open cholecystectomy, and two had complications requiring immediate celiotomy (one common bile duct injury, one "dropped" gallbladder). The average operative time was 91(More)
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