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Utilization review, the assessment of the appropriateness and efficiency of hospital care through review of the medical record, and utilization management, deliberate action by payers or hospital administrators to influence providers of hospital services to increase the efficiency and effectiveness with which services are provided, are valuable but(More)
The Veterans Health Study (VHS) had as its overarching goal the development, testing, and application of patient-centered assessments for monitoring patient outcomes in ambulatory care in large integrated care systems such as the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Unlike other previous studies, the VHS has capitalized on rich administrative databases(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Elderly emergency department patients have complex medical needs and limited social support. A transitional model of care adapted from hospitals was tested for its effectiveness in the ED in reducing subsequent service use. METHODS A randomized clinical trial was conducted at 2 urban, academically affiliated hospitals. Participants were(More)
Experimental SLE can be induced in susceptible 129/J mice by immunization with a human anti-DNA antibody bearing a common idiotype designated 16/6 Id. Immunized mice develop autoantibodies, leukopenia, proteinuria, and immune complex deposits in renal glomeruli. Case reports have described clinical improvement in SLE in individuals becoming infected with(More)
Children's hospitals have been excluded from the Medicare prospective payment system (PPS) because of concerns over the applicability of the DRG case-mix system and PPS payment weights to pediatric hospitalization. Nevertheless, DRG-based payment systems are being adopted by State Medicaid agencies and private third-party payers, and the Health Care(More)
To determine the extent of inappropriate hospital use, and to investigate factors related to variations in appropriateness, 8,031 hospital records of patients discharged from 41 hospitals in 3 Massachusetts professional standards review organization (PSRO) areas were reviewed in 1973 and 1978. The Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (AEP) was used for the(More)
There is overwhelming consensus that quality of life assessment is urgently required in pancreatic cancer, yet little research has been conducted. We report on the development of a disease specific questionnaire module to supplement the EORTC core cancer module, the QLQ-C30 in patients with pancreatic cancer, using EORTC quality of life study group(More)
The goal of the Veterans Health Study (VHS) was to extend the work of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) into the VA, by developing methodology for monitoring patient-based outcomes of care for use in ambulatory outpatient care. The principal objective of the VHS was developing valid and reliable measures to assess general health-related quality of life(More)
BACKGROUND The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) has become a widely cited solution to the deficiencies in primary care delivery in the United States. To achieve the magnitude of change being called for in primary care, quality improvement interventions must focus on whole-system redesign, and not just isolated parts of medical practices. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Compare the discrimination of risk-adjustment models for primary cesarean delivery derived from medical record data and birth certificate data and determine if the two types of models yield similar hospital profiles of risk-adjusted cesarean delivery rates. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING The study involved 29,234 women without prior cesarean(More)