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Although proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) has been shown to be effective for localizing tumor in patients with gliomas, it is not a routinely used clinical tool. This is due, in part, to the lack of a standardized, objective method for analyzing spectra. We present an automated technique for a) selecting a population of voxels from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tumor progression is often difficult to distinguish from nonneoplastic treatment response on the basis of MR images alone. This study correlates metabolite levels measured by preoperative MR spectroscopic (MRS) imaging with histologic findings of biopsies, obtained during image-guided resections of brain mass lesions, to clarify the(More)
A quantitative measure of three-dimensional breast density derived from noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was investigated in 35 women at high-risk for breast cancer. A semiautomatic segmentation tool was used to quantify the total volume of the breast and to separate volumes of fibroglandular and adipose tissue in noncontrast MRI data. The MRI(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated relative regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) reflects the increased microvascularity that is associated with brain tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential role of rCBV in the determination of recurrent/residual disease in patients with treated gliomas. METHODS Thirty-one rCBV studies were(More)
CONTEXT Consumption of high-fructose diets promotes hepatic fatty acid synthesis (de novo lipogenesis [DNL]) and an atherogenic lipid profile. It is unclear whether these effects occur independent of positive energy balance and weight gain. OBJECTIVES We compared the effects of a high-fructose, (25% of energy content) weight-maintaining diet to those of(More)
Combined MRI and 3D spectroscopic imaging (MRI/3D-MRSI) was used to study the metabolic effects of hormone-deprivation therapy in 65 prostate cancer patients, who underwent either short, intermediate, or long-term therapy, compared to 30 untreated control patients. There was a significant time-dependent loss of the prostatic metabolites choline, creatine,(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) have been shown to be very useful for identifying prostate cancers. For high sensitivity, the MRI/MRSI examination is often acquired with an endorectal probe that may cause a substantial deformation of the prostate and surrounding soft tissues. Such a probe is removed prior(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the concordance of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR spectroscopic data with histologic measures of steatosis is affected by histologic magnification level, tissue heterogeneity, or assessment of tissue area versus that of hepatocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA(More)
This study characterized dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of prostate tissues: cancerous peripheral zone (PZ), normal PZ, stromal benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and glandular BPH. MRI, MRSI, and DCE MRI were performed on 25 patients. Tissues were identified with MRI, MRSI, and (when available) biopsy results. Motion between MRI and DCE MRI, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Morphologic assessment by conventional imaging methods of lymph node metastases in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is, at best, insensitive. Doppler sonography has shown that lymph node metastases exhibit alterations in the number of vessels and blood flow. We assessed the ability of dynamic(More)