Susan M Miller

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Bacterial resistance to inorganic and organic mercury compounds (HgR) is one of the most widely observed phenotypes in eubacteria. Loci conferring HgR in Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria typically have at minimum a mercuric reductase enzyme (MerA) that reduces reactive ionic Hg(II) to volatile, relatively inert, monoatomic Hg(0) vapor and a(More)
The Candida albicans LEU2 gene was disrupted by substituting lambda DNA for a small deletion within the LEU2 gene. Cotransformation with a selectable URA3 ARS vector was used to introduce a linear fragment containing the disruption into the genome of a C. albicans ura3 deletion mutant. Cotransformants containing the lambda DNA were identified by colony(More)
The hypothesis that gap junction (GJ) formation between myometrial cells at term improves electrical coupling was tested. We measured the spread of electrical excitation from six extracellular electrodes aligned on uterine strips in either the longitudinal (axial) or transverse (circumferential) direction. Spontaneous bursts propagated over the entire 15-mm(More)
The ligand binding and catalytic properties of heavy metal ions have led to the evolution of metal ion-specific pathways for control of their intracellular trafficking and/or elimination. Small MW proteins/domains containing a GMTCXXC metal binding motif in a betaalphabetabetaalphabeta fold are common among proteins controlling the mobility of soft metal(More)
Two-component systems are a class of sensors that enable bacteria to respond to environmental and cell-state signals. The canonical system consists of a membrane-bound sensor histidine kinase that autophosphorylates in response to a signal and transfers the phosphate to an intracellular response regulator. Bacteria typically have dozens of two-component(More)
Since deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluids are enriched with toxic metals, it was hypothesized that (i) the biota in the vicinity of a vent is adapted to life in the presence of toxic metals and (ii) metal toxicity is modulated by the steep physical-chemical gradients that occur when anoxic, hot fluids are mixed with cold oxygenated seawater. We collected(More)
PURPOSE To test the ability of the cytogenetic emergency network (CEN) of laboratories, currently under development across Canada, to provide rapid biological dosimetry using the dicentric assay for triage assessment, that could be implemented in the event of a large-scale radiation/nuclear emergency. MATERIALS AND METHODS A workshop was held in May 2004(More)
The presence of sialic acid as a component of cell surface lipooligosaccharides or capsular polysaccharides has been shown to be correlated with the virulence of a number of Gram-negative mucosal pathogens, including several Haemophilus and Neisseria spp. As part of our efforts to evaluate the role of sialic acid in the pathobiology of these organisms, we(More)
Mercuric reductase, a flavoprotein disulfide oxidoreductase, catalyzes the two-electron reduction of Hg(II) to Hg(0) by NADPH. As with all the members of this class of proteins, the enzyme is a dimer of identical subunits with two active sites per dimer, each composed of one FAD and catalytically essential residues from both subunits. In the enzyme from(More)