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The role of the self in adjustment to cancer has been noted but is not well understood. Research and theory on the self suggest that discrepancies between actual and ideal self-conceptions influence adjustment and mediate the effects of disease-related health problems on psychological well-being. This relationship was investigated in a cross-sectional study(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To compare symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life (QOL) of older breast cancer survivors to those of older women without breast cancer. DESIGN Descriptive, correlational study. SETTING Urban and rural communities in the Midwest United States. SAMPLE 18 breast cancer survivors and 24 women without breast cancer, older than(More)
The purpose of this research was to investigate how the self-system mediates the relationship between physical health and mental health in elderly women. Three theoretical perspectives were examined: social integration (self in relationship to the social structure), social comparisons (self in relationship to others), and self-discrepancies (internal(More)
Patient-centered care is valued in nursing. However, until recently, nurse-researchers have focused on testing the effects of standardized rather than patient-centered interventions (PCIs). The latter are those interventions that are altered to address selected patient characteristics (e.g., beliefs, habits, or goals). PCIs have been well received, and in(More)
The purposes of this study are to describe intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women in Thailand and compare maternal characteristics, health practices during pregnancy, and maternal health between abused and nonabused pregnant women. Of 475 pregnant Thai women, 13.1% report ever being abused, whereas 4.8% report physical abuse during pregnancy.(More)
OBJECTIVE 1) To describe the illness representations of older persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI); 2) to describe how older adults cope with MCI; 3) to examine the relationships between illness representations and coping. METHODS Sixty-three older adults with MCI completed questionnaires on demographic and health information, beliefs about MCI(More)
Little is known about African American women's beliefs about mental illness. In this qualitative study we employed the Common Sense Model (CSM) to examine African American women's beliefs about mental illness, coping behaviors, barriers to treatment seeking, and variations in beliefs, coping, and barriers associated with aging. Fifteen community-dwelling(More)
Previous training studies of fluid intellectual abilities have involved training on either figural relations or induction tasks. In the present study, young, middle-aged, and elderly adults were given training on another measure of fluid ability--Raven's Progressive Matrices. The training involved a strategy-modeling technique that lasted no more than a few(More)
Forty-two elderly women were asked to describe the problems they faced with aging, and how they coped with both real-life and hypothetical problems in seven areas. Content analysis indicated that their spontaneously reported ongoing strategies were consistent with current theoretical formulations, the strategies differed by area of concern and for real-life(More)
Women's social role quality may be an important factor in their adaptation after heart surgery. Relationships among different dimensions of role quality, physical health, and psychological well-being were examined in 157 midlife and older women who had undergone heart surgery. Overall, older women (n = 89) were similar to younger women (n=68) in physical(More)