Susan M Heidrich

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Social comparison processes were investigated as mechanisms by which elderly women maintain or enhance their psychological well-being in the face of health-related threats or loss. In Study 1, a measure of social comparisons was tested, and a preliminary model of the effects of health and social comparisons on depression was examined (N = 42). In Study 2, a(More)
The authors of this investigation sought to examine changes in the sleep quality of older women over time and to determine whether dimensions of psychological well-being, health (subjective health and number of illnesses), and psychological distress (depression and anxiety) predict these changes. A secondary analysis was conducted with a longitudinal sample(More)
The purpose of this research was to investigate how the self-system mediates the relationship between physical health and mental health in elderly women. Three theoretical perspectives were examined: social integration (self in relationship to the social structure), social comparisons (self in relationship to others), and self-discrepancies (internal(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To identify symptom clusters in older adult breast cancer survivors (ages 65-97 years) and examine whether symptom clusters are related to demographic, health, and quality-of-life variables. DESIGN Factor analysis to identify possible symptom clusters. The resulting clusters then were correlated with quality-of-life measures. SETTING(More)
Previous training studies of fluid intellectual abilities have involved training on either figural relations or induction tasks. In the present study, young, middle-aged, and elderly adults were given training on another measure of fluid ability--Raven's Progressive Matrices. The training involved a strategy-modeling technique that lasted no more than a few(More)
The role of the self in adjustment to cancer has been noted but is not well understood. Research and theory on the self suggest that discrepancies between actual and ideal self-conceptions influence adjustment and mediate the effects of disease-related health problems on psychological well-being. This relationship was investigated in a cross-sectional study(More)
One hundred thirteen individuals, ages 18-81, were presented with a test of social problem solving, a test of practical problem solving, the Twenty Questions task (a test of traditional problem solving), the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale--Revised Vocabulary subtest (a measure of crystallized intelligence), and Raven's Progressive Matrices (a measure of(More)
The purpose of this report is to share results from a pilot study about the social role experiences and health of women living with HIV/AIDS. This pilot was designed as part of a larger study undertaken to ensure cultural competence of measures and methods proposed for testing a model of role quality and health in culturally diverse low-income women.(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To describe relationships among perceived barriers to symptom management and quality of life and to test the mediating role of perceived communication difficulties on the relationships between other perceived barriers to symptom management and quality of life in older adult breast cancer survivors. DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
Members of the American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council provided guidance and review. The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council is a panel of nationally recognized experts drawn from a wide variety of scientific, medical and academic disciplines. About the American Red Cross: The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides emotional(More)