Susan M Heidrich

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The authors of this investigation sought to examine changes in the sleep quality of older women over time and to determine whether dimensions of psychological well-being, health (subjective health and number of illnesses), and psychological distress (depression and anxiety) predict these changes. A secondary analysis was conducted with a longitudinal sample(More)
Social comparison processes were investigated as mechanisms by which elderly women maintain or enhance their psychological well-being in the face of health-related threats or loss. In Study 1, a measure of social comparisons was tested, and a preliminary model of the effects of health and social comparisons on depression was examined (N = 42). In Study 2, a(More)
The purpose of this research was to investigate how the self-system mediates the relationship between physical health and mental health in elderly women. Three theoretical perspectives were examined: social integration (self in relationship to the social structure), social comparisons (self in relationship to others), and self-discrepancies (internal(More)
Previous training studies of fluid intellectual abilities have involved training on either figural relations or induction tasks. In the present study, young, middle-aged, and elderly adults were given training on another measure of fluid ability--Raven's Progressive Matrices. The training involved a strategy-modeling technique that lasted no more than a few(More)
The role of the self in adjustment to cancer has been noted but is not well understood. Research and theory on the self suggest that discrepancies between actual and ideal self-conceptions influence adjustment and mediate the effects of disease-related health problems on psychological well-being. This relationship was investigated in a cross-sectional study(More)
One hundred thirteen individuals, ages 18-81, were presented with a test of social problem solving, a test of practical problem solving, the Twenty Questions task (a test of traditional problem solving), the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale--Revised Vocabulary subtest (a measure of crystallized intelligence), and Raven's Progressive Matrices (a measure of(More)
Members of the American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council provided guidance and review. The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council is a panel of nationally recognized experts drawn from a wide variety of scientific, medical and academic disciplines. About the American Red Cross: The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides emotional(More)
Little is known about patients' understanding of a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The purpose of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to describe beliefs about MCI in people diagnosed with the condition and examine correlates (demographic and health) of those beliefs. Thirty individuals diagnosed with MCI completed the Illness(More)
OBJECTIVE 1) To describe the illness representations of older persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI); 2) to describe how older adults cope with MCI; 3) to examine the relationships between illness representations and coping. METHODS Sixty-three older adults with MCI completed questionnaires on demographic and health information, beliefs about MCI(More)
Measurement of beliefs about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is important to understanding sexual health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Representations of STDs (RoSTD) Scale. The RoSTD was developed to measure young women's representations of STDs, and it is intended to be used to measure(More)
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