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The purpose of this research was to investigate how the self-system mediates the relationship between physical health and mental health in elderly women. Three theoretical perspectives were examined: social integration (self in relationship to the social structure), social comparisons (self in relationship to others), and self-discrepancies (internal(More)
The purposes of this study are to describe intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women in Thailand and compare maternal characteristics, health practices during pregnancy, and maternal health between abused and nonabused pregnant women. Of 475 pregnant Thai women, 13.1% report ever being abused, whereas 4.8% report physical abuse during pregnancy.(More)
PURPOSE To provide an update on the representational approach to patient education. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT The representational approach to patient education to guide a wide-range of educational interventions. METHODS Four intervention trials based on the representational approach are discussed: the representational intervention to decrease cancer pain(More)
Forty-two elderly women were asked to describe the problems they faced with aging, and how they coped with both real-life and hypothetical problems in seven areas. Content analysis indicated that their spontaneously reported ongoing strategies were consistent with current theoretical formulations, the strategies differed by area of concern and for real-life(More)
Urinary incontinence (UI) has been related to lower quality of life. However, the research has generally been cross-sectional, and causal relationships have not been determined. This research was a secondary analysis of a 6-year longitudinal study of chronic illness and psychological well-being in older (mean age = 73 at Time 1), community-dwelling women (n(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To compare symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life (QOL) of older breast cancer survivors to those of older women without breast cancer. DESIGN Descriptive, correlational study. SETTING Urban and rural communities in the Midwest United States. SAMPLE 18 breast cancer survivors and 24 women without breast cancer, older than(More)
Negative attitudes of both older adults and healthcare providers about aging can be barriers to self-care in old age. The aims of this study were to (1) examine the extent to which older breast cancer survivors experience barriers to symptom management and (2) explore whether barriers influence quality of life. Three possible barriers to symptom management(More)
Little is known about the physical health and psychological well-being of very old women, although they are one of the fastest growing segments of the population. The relationships among physical health, psychological well-being, and age were investigated using a developmental perspective and a multidimensional approach to the assessment of psychological(More)
This 6-year longitudinal study of 103 community-dwelling older women examined changes in physical and mental health and self conceptions and the relationships among self conceptions, physical health, and depression. Over time, physical health, personal growth, and purpose in life declined; depression increased; and positive relations and autonomy were(More)
Patient-centered care is valued in nursing. However, until recently, nurse-researchers have focused on testing the effects of standardized rather than patient-centered interventions (PCIs). The latter are those interventions that are altered to address selected patient characteristics (e.g., beliefs, habits, or goals). PCIs have been well received, and in(More)